Definitions

Sovereign's_Orb

Sovereign's Orb

The Sovereign's Orb is a type of regalia known as a globus cruciger and is one of the British Crown Jewels.

It was created for the coronation of King Charles II in 1661 at a cost of £1,150 — approximately £130,000 (US$250,000) adjusted to 2007 currency values.

The Orb is a hollow gold sphere weighing 42 ounces and about 16.5 cm (6.5 in.) in diameter. Around the centre is a band of pearls and gemstones. There is a similar half-band running across the top half of the Orb. Atop the Orb is an amethyst surmounted by a Cross. The Orb is a religious symbol; it represents the Monarch's role as Defender of the Faith and as Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

During a coronation, the Archbishop of Canterbury delivers the Orb to the Monarch's right hand. The Orb is then placed on an altar, where it remains for the remainder of the ceremony. At the end of the ceremony, the Monarch holds the Orb in the left hand, the Sceptre with the Cross in the right hand, and wears the Imperial State Crown as he or she leaves Westminster Abbey.

The shape and image of the Sovereign's Orb was spoofed in the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail as the "Holy Hand Grenade of Antioch".

References

Footnotes

Sources

  • The Crown Jewels. The Monarchy Today. Her Majesty's Government. Retrieved on 2008-02-09..

External links

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