Songshan District is a district of Taipei. The name of the district is historically spelled Sungshan. The Songshan Domestic Airport is located here.
Songshan was originally named Siah-khau (錫口; Pe̍h-ōe-jī
: Siah-kháu), which is the Taiwanese language
pronunciation of a lowland Ketagalan
word meaning "Where the river twists". In 1920, the place became Matsuyama Village (松山庄; Mandarin Chinese: songshan zhuang
), named after Matsuyama City
(松山市) in Japan (see Taiwan under Japanese rule
). It was a part of Shichisei-gun (Qixing District), Taihoku Prefecture
(台北州七星郡). Matsuyama was merged into Taihoku
City in 1938. With the return of Taiwan to China in 1945, the Chinese name of the characters 松山 (i.e. Songshan) was adopted. In 1946, Songshan became a district with 26 municipal villages (里). In 1990, the southern half of Songshan District became Xinyi
District. Its boundary was altered in May 1994, when the Keelung River
was artificially moved south slightly.
Songshan is divided into four regions (地區), or secondary district (次分區), which in turn are divided into 34 municipal villages. They following placenames are romanized in Hanyu Pinyin
- Sanmin Region (三民地區): northeast
- Libie (里別)
- Zhuangjin (莊敬)
- Fujin (富錦)
- Dongrong (東榮)
- Sanmin (三民)
- Jieshou (介壽): literally means "Long live Chiang Kai-shek"
- Xinyi (新益)
- Xindong (新東)
- Futai (富泰)
- Dongshe Region (東社地區): northwest and central (largest region)
- Jinzhong (精忠)
- Dongguang (東光)
- Longtian (龍田)
- Dongchang (東昌)
- Dongshi (東勢)
- Zhonghua (中華)
- Minyou (民有)
- Minfu (民福)
- Songji (松基)
- Benzheng Region (本鎮地區): southeast
- Ciyou (慈祐)
- Anping (安平)
- Pengcheng (鵬程)
- Ziqiang (自強)
- Jixiang (吉祥)
- Xinju (新聚)
- Fusheng (復盛)
- Zhonglun Region (中崙地區): southwest
- Zhongzheng (中正)
- Zhonglun (中崙)
- Meiren (美仁)
- Jiren (吉仁)
- Dunhua (敦化)
- Fuyuan (復源)
- Fujian (復建)
- Fushi (復勢)
- Fucheng (福成)
The airport is located in Dongshe Region, mostly in Jinzhong Village.
- Ciyou Temple (慈祐宮 "Protected by the Kindness"), built in 1753, is dedicated to a dark-faced goddess Matsu.
- Xiahai City Lord Temple (霞海城隍廟) was built in 1753.
- Taipei City Lord Temple (台北府城隍廟) was built in 1926.
- The Raohe Street Night Market (饒河街觀光夜市), organized in 1987, contains over 160 booths.
- National Open University--Taipei Learning Center (空中大學 台北指導中心)
- Sungshan Community College (松山社區大學): located within Zhonglun Senior High School (中崙高中), in Jixiang Village
- Yu Da High School of Commerce and Home Economics (私立育達高級商業家事職業學校, short 育達商職): private, in Meiren Village
In addition, there are two regular high schools (Xisong and Zhonglun), six middle schools, eight elementary schools, and 28 kindergartens in Songshan.