In Europe, the distribution of Somalis by country is hard to measure because Somali communities have grown so quickly in recent years. The 2001 UK census reported 43,691 Somalis, but recent estimates range between 95,000 and 250,000. In the United Kingdom, London, Sheffield, Birmingham (Small Heath), Cardiff, Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, and Leicester are home to the largest concentration of Somalis. There are also significant Somali communities in the Netherlands: 21,733 (2005); Norway: 19,656 (2007); Denmark: 16,564 (2006); Sweden: 18,342 (2006); and Finland: 7300 . There is also a large Somali population in the area of Small Heath, Birmingham which has risen to the nickname of Somali Heath.
Between 1992 and 2005, 64,439 persons born in Somalia were admitted to the United States as refugees, which was the vast majority of total emigration from Somalia during that period. Unlike the European figures, however, this statistic does not include US-born children. (Source: United States Citizenship and Immigration Services)
Somalis represent one of the largest immigrant communities in the United Arab Emirates. Somali businesses line the streets of the Dubai city centre, Deira. Internet cafes, hotels, coffee shops, restaurants and import-export businesses are a testimony to the Somalis' entrepreneurial spirit. Star African Air is one of three Somali-owned airlines which have headquarters in Dubai rather than in Somalia.