In 1760, the original name was Bintauan. The original inhabitants were Gaddang.
The municipality was founded in 1767 by Father Alejandro Vidal, a Dominican priest who lead a Spanish mission. In 1768, it was called "Lungabang", which means "cave" in the Gaddang dialect. The name was later changed to "Lumabang" by the Spaniards for convenience.
In 1851, Governor General Antonio Urbiztondo declared Lumabang a barrio of Bayombong for not having sufficient inhabitants and revenue to maintain itself. Governor General Ramon Solano Y Llanderal authorized the separation of Lumabang as barrio from Bayombong.
In 1853, the first Ilocanos arrived brought by Don Diego Lumicao, former Gobernadorcillo.
In 1860, it was called Solano its current name.
The town was planned by Father Juan Villaverde. The poblacion, as designed, consisted of 14 parallel wide streets, each having a width of 20 meters. The streets run from north to south and east to west forming 100 square blocks with an aggregate area one hectare per block.
Solano was the largest municipality in the province until two of its barangays, Caliat and Bintawan, were segregated to become the municipalities of Quezon and Villaverde respectively. The land area of Solano was correspondingly reduced to 13,980 hectares.
Today, Solano is the no.1 commercial district in the province. The only town so far where giant fast food chains such as Jollibee, Greenwich and Chowking set up shop in Nueva Vizcaya.
Solano is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.
Under the Spanish regime, the "Gobernadorcillo" commonly called Municipal Mayor, Captain, Petty Governor was a native and elected annually. The election was made by the Cabezas de Barrangay - Heads of Barangay - which represented the survival of the earlier tribal organizations and were responsible for the tributes of their groups. The Heads were originally hereditary, but, in time, it became elective. The electors of the Gobernadorcillo were current or former heads of the Barrangay and after 3 years of service became eligible for the office of Petty Governor.
The following list shows the Gobernadorcillos during the Spanish regime from 1762-1898:
Gobernadorcillos had the honorary title "Don".
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FOOTBALL : BACKGROUND: Solano Move May Be Costly; Villa Will Claim a Good Deal, Says Chief Sports Writer Hyder Jawad but It Is Still a Big Risk
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