Slater

Slater

[sley-ter]
Slater, Samuel, 1768-1835, American pioneer in the cotton textile industry, b. Derbyshire, England. As an apprentice and later a mill supervisor, he gained a thorough knowledge of all the cotton-manufacturing machinery then in use. Drawn by the bounties offered for the encouragement of the textile industry in America, he left England in disguise, since the emigration of textile workers was forbidden, and reached New York in 1789. In 1790 he went to Providence, R.I., where he met Moses Brown and contracted to reproduce the complicated machinery for the firm of Almy and Brown, to which his name was soon added. This he accomplished by a remarkable feat of memory, because all attempts to obtain English models, by purchase or smuggling, had been futile. The first mill was replaced by another in 1793, at nearby Pawtucket. In 1798 he formed an additional partnership, with his relatives by marriage, called Samuel Slater and Company, and built another mill near Pawtucket, R.I. He later established mills at Slatersville (now in the town of North Smithfield), R.I., and elsewhere in New England, becoming very prosperous. He exercised strict but paternal supervision over his employees.

See biographies by G. S. White (1836, repr. 1967) and E. H. Cameron (1960); W. R. Bagnall, Samuel Slater and the Early Development of Cotton Manufacture in the United States (1890).

(born June 9, 1768, Belper, Derbyshire, Eng.—died April 21, 1835, Webster, Mass., U.S.) British-born U.S. industrialist. Initially apprenticed to a partner of Richard Arkwright, he immigrated to the U.S. in 1789, where he reproduced versions of Arkwright's spinning and carding machines from memory and in 1793 established the first successful American cotton mill at Pawtucket, R.I., the first of several plants. He founded the town of Slatersville, R.I. He is regarded as the founder of the U.S. cotton textile industry.

Learn more about Slater, Samuel with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born June 9, 1768, Belper, Derbyshire, Eng.—died April 21, 1835, Webster, Mass., U.S.) British-born U.S. industrialist. Initially apprenticed to a partner of Richard Arkwright, he immigrated to the U.S. in 1789, where he reproduced versions of Arkwright's spinning and carding machines from memory and in 1793 established the first successful American cotton mill at Pawtucket, R.I., the first of several plants. He founded the town of Slatersville, R.I. He is regarded as the founder of the U.S. cotton textile industry.

Learn more about Slater, Samuel with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Slater is a city in Story County, Iowa, United States. The population was 1,306 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Slater is located at (41.880265, -93.681642).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.2 km²), all of it land.

There are several parks within the city, and a noticeable attraction is the bi-annual 4th of July celebration.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,306 people, 532 households, and 369 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,057.6 people per square mile (410.0/km²). There were 555 housing units at an average density of 449.4/sq mi (174.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.46% White, 0.31% African American, 0.15% Asian, and 0.08% from two or more races.

There were 532 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,417, and the median income for a family was $58,036. Males had a median income of $37,760 versus $27,031 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,647. About 0.6% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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