Sherbrooke (2006 population: 147,427) is a city in southeastern Quebec, Canada, the only major city in the Eastern Townships. Although originally settled in the early 19th century by anglophones, it is today primarily a francophone city.
The area of Sherbrooke was first settled in 1793
by American Loyalists
, including Gilbert Hyatt, a farmer from Schenectady, New York
, who built a flour mill in 1802
. The village was named "Hyatt's Mills" until 1818
when the village was renamed after Governor General Sir John Sherbrooke
at the time of his retirement and return to England
The city grew considerably on January 1, 2002, by the mergers of the cities of Sherbrooke, Ascot, Bromptonville, Deauville, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Rock Forest, and Saint-Élie-d'Orford.
Located at the confluence of the Saint-François
(St. Francis) and Magog
rivers in the heart of the Eastern Townships
and the Estrie
administrative region. Sherbrooke is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality
(TE) and census division
(CD) of Quebec
, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. Its geographical code is 43.
In 2007 Canadian Business Magazine
Magazine ranked Sherbrooke as the top place to do business in Canada. The report cites large increases in commercial building permits, strong exports, a highly educated workforce, and low unemployment rate. Another benefit is the daily flight available to and from Toronto
from Sherbrooke Airport
Sherbrooke is also the centre of an important agricultural region with many dairy farms. An important business is the manufacturing of ice hockey sticks: more of these are made in Sherbrooke than anywhere else in the world. Sherbrooke is home to a concrete truss bridge, the first of its kind in the world.
The city is the location of one French-language university
, the Université de Sherbrooke
, and since Lennoxville
and Sherbrooke merged in 2002 (see municipal reorganization in Quebec
), of an English-language
University, Bishop's University
. U de S is a comprehensive university with schools of medicine
and extensive graduate programs
, while Bishop's is smaller and predominantly undergraduate
. There are three CEGEPs
in Sherbrooke, two of them French-language, the Cégep de Sherbrooke
and the Séminaire de Sherbrooke
, and one English-language, Champlain Regional College
The merged city is composed of six boroughs: Brompton, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Mont-Bellevue, Rock Forest-Saint-Élie-Deauville and Jacques-Cartier.
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Sherbrooke is served by an airport of small calibre located in Cookshire, just east of the city. Currently, flights operate on weekdays only to Toronto. There is currently no passenger train service to Sherbrooke, although Transdev Limocar
assures bus service from Montreal
to Sherbrooke via Granby
. Autobus Jordez makes the link from Sherbrooke to Drummondville
, and also to Quebec City
Within the city of Sherbrooke, public transportation is offered by the Société de transport de Sherbrooke (STS). They operate 17 bus routes, 11 minibus routes, and 5 taxibus routes.
City of Sherbrooke
Mother tongue language
from Canada 2006 Census
|| Percentage (%) |
| French only
|| 89.89% |
| English only
|| 3.97% |
| Both English and French
|| 0.44% |
| Other languages
|| 5.7% |
The information regarding ethnicities above is from the 2001 Canadian Census
The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 1,500 responses are included.
- 0-14 years: 17.8%
- 15-64 years: 69.0%
- 65 years and over: 13.2%
Census Metropolitan Area
The Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)
includes the cities of Sherbrooke, Magog
, the Parish of Saint-Denis-de-Brompton; the municipalities of Compton, Stoke, and Ascot Corner
, Hatley county and the village of North Hatley
The population in 2006 was 186,952. Indigenous peoples
comprised just over 0.6% of the population.
French was mother tongue to 90.6% of residents (counting both single and multiple responses). The next most common mother tongues were English at 5.6%, Spanish at 1.3%, Arabic and Serbo-Croatian languages at 0.6% each, Persian at 0.4%, Niger-Congo languages at 0.3%, and Chinese and German at 0.2% each. (Percentages may total more than 100% owing to rounding and multiple responses).
About 87% of the population identified as Roman Catholic in 2001 while 6% said they had no religious affiliation. Among smaller denominations Statistics Canada counted 1.2% Anglicans, 0.8% Muslims, 0.8% United Church, 0.7% Baptists, 0.5% Eastern Orthodox and 0.3% Jehovah’s Witnesses. Pentecostals and Methodists accounted for 0.2% each, while Buddhists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons and Plymouth Brethren accounted for 0.1% each.
The area is home to about four thousand recent immigrants (arriving between 2001 and 2006) who now comprise about 2% of the total population. Approximately 13% have emigrated from Colombia, 12% from France, 7% from Afghanistan, 6% from each of Morocco and Argentina, 5% from each of Algeria and Congo, 4% from China, and 3% from each of Burundi, Tunisia, and Tanzania. About 2% of these recent immigrants were born in the United States while about 2% were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Notable Sherbrooke residents
- Pierre-Marc Bouchard, Éric Bélanger and David Perron, hockey players for the Minnesota Wild and the St. Louis Blues (hockey)
- Serge Cardin, Bloc Québécois MP for Sherbrooke
- Jean Charest, federal cabinet minister, Deputy Prime Minister and Progressive Conservative Party leader; Quebec Liberal Party leader and Premier of Quebec
- Jim Corcoran, singer-songwriter
- Christian Dubé, ice hockey player
- Northrop Frye, literary critic
- Garou, singer
- Yousuf Karsh, photographer
- Harry Saltzman, film producer
- Yanic Perreault, NHL ice hockey player
Joseph-Armand Bombardier hailed from the Sherbrooke area. John Bassett and Conrad Black started their careers as media barons as owner and co-owner, respectively, of the Sherbrooke Record.