Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein (Sheekh Mukhtaar Maxamed Xuseen, الشيخ محمد حسين مختار) (born 1912) was the speaker of the Somali parliament, and briefly an interim president in 1969.
Sheikh Mukhtar studied, as was customary in those days in Somalia, the Qur'an, learning and memorizing entire chapters of the Muslim holy book. He later supplemented his studies in Islamic history, thus acquiring the title 'sheikh'.
He eventually rose to be a prominent member of the League and in 1956, he was elected to what was then the first national assembly of the Somali people, the Legislative Assembly, under the trusteeship of Italy. He was among the first formed, but limited government of the then prime minister of Abdullahi Issa. He at first served as deputy of justice minister and then as minister of justice.
Sheikh Mukhtar was re-elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1959, just before the independence of the Somali state. He was a member of the newly reconstructed, from Legislative Assembly to Constituent Assembly, and was then re-elected in 1964. Sheikh Mukhtar was the speaker of the Somali parliament, from 1965–1969, until the coup d'etat that occurred in 1969. He briefly became interim president the week between the assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke and the day of the coup.
Sheikh Mukhtar, along with prominent figures from the civilian government, was placed under house arrest by the new president of the republic, Mohamed Siad Barre; the first few years with severe restrictions which were later relaxed when he eventually reclaimed his freedom.