) is beer
flavoured with lemonade
or another soft drink
or soda water
. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, normally half-and-half, although shandy sold canned or bottled is typically much weaker, around one part beer to ten parts lemonade. The dilution (and thus reduced alcohol content) of some packaged shandy may make it exempt from laws regarding distribution of alcoholic beverages in some jurisdictions.
The following variations are of shandy found around the world.
In the U.K
, a shandygaff (the origin of the term “shandy”) is beer
mixed with clear lemonade
. In the Caribbean, the shandy consists of beer or ale mixed with ginger ale
or ginger beer
, and it isn't called shandygaff. In Japan, shandygaff is gingerale and beer.In H G Wells "The History of Mr.Polly" he refers to shandygaff as "two bottles of beer mixed with gingerbeer in a round bellied jug"
, a panaché (meaning "mixed" or "motley") is beer
mixed or flavored with limonade
(French-style lemonade), which is lemon-flavored soda or soda water. Adding grenadine to the mix makes a “Monaco.” In parts of Spain
, a panaché is called a champu
In Britain, a popular variant is the “lager top,” in which a small measure of clear lemonade is added to the lager, usually about a centimeter. There are regional variations to the pronunciation: in East Anglia a single pint is referred to as a "lager tops", whilst in the Isle of Man and the Lake District, the name "lager touch" is used.
, a non-alcoholic half-and-half of fizzy orange and lemon soft drink is quite popular and commonly referred to as a rock shandy. According to brand information on the website of the Cantrell & Cochran Group, which markets an orange-and-lemon drink under the brand name of Club Rock Shandy
, the origin of the name is from the Blackrock Swimming Club of Blackrock, Co. Dublin
In South Africa and Namibia, a rock shandy is made up of 50% soda water and 50% lemonade, optionally with a few dashes of Angostura bitters for flavor.
In Southern Africa, a popular variation is the Malawi shandy, which is made from 50% lemonade, 50% ginger ale, and a few dashes of Angostura bitters.
In Germany and Austria, the Spezial, or Spezi is made in a non-alcoholic version with 50% German-style lemonade and 50% cola. It is a traditional drink that is very popular among children.
") is a beverage consisting of a 50%/50% or 60%/40% mixture of lager beer and German-style lemonade. It was invented by the Munich
gastronomer Franz Xaver Kugler in September 1922 when approximately 13,000 cyclists
visited his tavern
. His beer started to run out, so he cleverly mixed the remaining beer with lemonade and pretended he created the Radler
especially for the cyclists so that they could ride home without the risk of falling off their bicycles
. Nowadays the Radler
is not just drunk only in Bavaria
but across Germany and Austria
. During the summer months, Radler
is very popular there due to its reputation of being a thirst-quencher.
Biermischgetränke (“beer-based mixed drinks”) are popular in Germany. Sometimes a non-alcoholic beer is used, so that the drink has no significant alcohol content and is therefore popular among children. Since a 1993 change in German tax law, Biermischgetränke are also sold pre-mixed in bottles.
A common ingredient in these drinks is German-style lemonade. The German language uses two terms for such drinks. Zitronenlimonade is lemon-lime soda. Brauselimonade is fizzy lemon-lime soda water.
In Northern Germany, a half-and-half made of pilsner beer and lemonade is known as an Alster (short for “Alsterwasser”) while the rest of the country Radler and Alster exist simultaneously and differ only in the type of lemonade used. Mostly a lemon-based soft drink is used for both Alster and Radler. The use of an orange-based soft drink is very uncommon.
In Berlin and eastern Germany the Potsdamer, a 50%/50% mixture of light-coloured beer and flavoured soda, is a popular drink. The soda used in a Potsdamer is flavoured with a shot of raspberry syrup, giving it a red colour. (To follow custom and control the size of the head, one should fill a 0.5 L glass halfway with the soda first, and then pour the beer.)
The Berliner Weisse mit Schuss is made from a light Weißbier mixed with a Schuss (“shot”) of sweet syrup instead of soda. It comes in three standard varieties: one is colored green with a Woodruff flavoured syrup (German: Waldmeister); the second is yellow with a shot of lemon syrup; another is red, with a shot of raspberry syrup.
In southern Germany, a mix of Weißbier (wheat beer) and lemonade is called a Russ (“Russian”).
The Frühstück Weisse (“Breakfast Weisse”) is made with orange juice and Weizenbier and is a popular breakfast drink in the southern parts of the country. The similar Orangerei is made with Pilsner lager and a Bee Sting is made with dark beer (e.g., Stout or Porter).
The Whizz Peach, made by the private Wilhelm Rummel Brewery in Darmstadt, is made with 50% Kristallweizen (filtered wheat beer) and 50% peach-flavored lemonade.
In the mid-western USA, a Cincinnati is a 33%/66% concoction of 1/3 lemon-lime soda (i.e. Sprite or 7 Up) and 2/3 lager or pilsner beer.
The Diesel is a mixture of lager and a cola-based beverage. The mixing of these two drinks produces a Diesel
-fuel-like colouration, which explains the name of the drink.
In Slovenia the preferred method is to prepare it using Cockta soda.
In Germany, lager beer mixed with cola is called a Colabier or Gespritzter. There exist several regional differences in names and variants.
- Hefeweizen mixed with cola is called a Colaweizen.
- Weißbier mixed with cola is called a Flieger ("Aviator"), Neger (“Negro”), or “Turbo.”
- Pilsner or Alt-bier and cola is known as a Krefelder.
An Altbier Cola is made with Altbier, cola, and a shot of kirschlikor (“cherry liqueur”).
A Greifswalder, a Shandy which is very popular in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, is a Köstritzer (a type of “dark lager”) mixed with cola.
A Brummbär (“Brown Bear”) is Stout or Porter Beer (e.g., Guinness) mixed with cola.
A Mazout (Flemish dialect for "Diesel") is a common drink in Flanders made from ordinary lagers like Jupiler, Maes pils or Stella Artois and Coca-Cola.
A more potent variation known as a Turbo Shandy is made from mixing lager with a citrus-flavoured or lemonade-based alcopop (e.g., Smirnoff Ice or Mike's Hard Lemonade). It is sometimes fortified with a shot or more of the base alcohol.
The Cantrell & Cochran Group previously marketed a shandy drink called “Club Shandy”, which contained orange or lemon soda and 0.5% (1 proof) of alcohol, but this has not been available since the mid-1990s.
The Berliner Weisse mit Strippe (“Weisse with a ribbon [of alcohol]”) is made with a shot of alcohol.
The Heller Moritz is Hefeweizen served with a piccolo (Italian > “small bottle”) of champagne and a slice of lemon.
The Bavarian Goaßmaß (Bavarian dialect for “goat stein”) consists mainly of a 50%/50% to 60%/40% mixture of dark Weizen beer and Cola. The difference between the Goaßmaß and the Colaweizen is the cherry liquor which is being added after mixing the beer and the cola. The Goaßmaß is solely served in a 1 liter stein (the “Maß”). Accordingly to the Goaßmaß, there exists also a Goaßhalbe (literally translated “goat half”) which is the same mixture of beer, cola and cherry liquor, but served in a 0.5 liter glass.
The Bismarck, named for the favorite drink of the “Iron Chancellor,” is 50% Köstritzer (a type of “dark lager”) and 50% champagne and is served in a beer stein. It is similar to the Black Velvet Cocktail, which is made with Stout beer (e.g., Guinness) and either champagne or sparkling hard cider and served in a wine glass or champagne flute.
The Thuringian Kalte Ente (“Cold Duck”) is 66% Pilsner and 33% German lemonade with a shot of kirschlikor (“cherry liqueur”).
The Bierkut is 50% Pilsner mixed with 50% Vodka and orange juice.
The Mass und schuss is a liter of beer served with a schuss (“shot” of hard alcohol) on the side. The Laterndl is prepared by putting a shot-glass of Kirschwasser at the bottom of the Mass before pouring in the beer, making it a sort of reverse “Depthcharge”.
The Dr. Pepper Shandy is a mix of lager with amaretto. The proportions of the two ingredients are adjusted to taste, generally somewhere between three and five parts beer to one part amaretto. The name is derived from Dr Pepper cola which tastes comparable.
In the UK the lager and lime, draught lager served with a lime cordial “top”, was popular in the early 1970s.
Other Names for Shandy
- Austria: A “Almradler” is made with a 60/40 mix of popular Austrian Almdudler soda (a traditional Alpine herb drink that tastes a bit like a ginger ale) and pils or lager beer. A 50/50 blend is marketed by Puntigamer in bottles and cans. It is also popular in Bavarian Germany.
- Flanders: Kivela (Estonian > “land of stone”) A mixture of German lemonade and lager. Spavola (Italian > “bubbling water”) a mixture of sparkling mineral water and lager. Mazout is a mixture of cola and lager.
- Wallonia: Diabolo (“devil”), a lager mixed with mint or grenadine.
- Bahamas: "Shanti/Shanty (as in shanty town where the raggamuffins live): this term is commonly used by certain people
- Chile: Fan-schop, a mixture of beer with Fanta orange soda.
- Colombia: Refajo, a mixture of lager beer with red cola-style soda like Kola Roman or Colombiana.
- France: A Monaco is a Panaché with Grenadine added.
- Japan: Broadway, a mixture of beer and cola.
- Portugal: Called either a Panache or a Shandy, it is a drink popularized by the tourists who brought the drink here. It is made with draft beer mixed with carbonated lemonade or a lemon-flavoured soft drink (often 7 Up or Sprite).
- Switzerland: Called either a Panaché [Swiss French] or Panasch [Swiss German].
- Spain: Clara or clara con Limón if it’s made with fizzy lemon soda (Clara Spanish > “Clear Lemonade”). When made with carbonated soda-water, whether it is lemon-flavored or not, it is called limón gaseosa ("Lemon Soda").
- Cerveza preparada (Michelada) A type of Beer Cocktail from Mexico involving tomato juice, hot sauce, and lemon or lime juice.
- Calgary Red Eye, a cocktail involving beer and Clamato that is used as a hangover cure.