Scutellaria is a genus of about 300 species of plants commonly known as skullcaps.


The genus is widespread in temperate regions and on tropical mountains. Most are annual or perennial herbaceous plants from 5 cm to 1 m tall, but a few are subshrubs; some are aquatic. They have four-angled stems and opposite leaves. The flowers have upper and lower lips. The genus is most easily recognized by the typical shield on the calyx that has also prompted its common name.

Selected species

  • Scutellaria incarnata
  • Scutellaria indica
  • Scutellaria integrifolia
  • Scutellaria lateriflora
  • Scutellaria longifolia
  • Scutellaria minor - Lesser Skullcap
  • Scutellaria montana
  • Scutellaria nana - Dwarf Skullcap
  • Scutellaria orientalis
  • Scutellaria ovata - heartleaved skullcap
  • Scutellaria parvula
  • Scutellaria purpurascens
  • Scutellaria resinosa
  • Scutellaria rubicunda
  • Scutellaria scordiifolia
  • Scutellaria splendens
  • Scutellaria tuberosa
  • Scutellaria ventenatii
  • Scutellaria violacea
  • See also

    External links

    • USDA - US Department of Agriculture
    • Scutellaria images on MorphBank, a biological image database
    • Pictures of Skullcap as a medicine.

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