Saumur is a town and commune in the Maine-et-Loire département of France on the Loire River at , with an approximate population of 30,000 as of 2001. The historic town is located between the Loire and Thouet rivers, which join to the west of the town.
Saumur is home to the Cadre Noir, the École Nationale d'Équitation (National School of Horsemanship), known for its annual horse shows, as well as the officer school for armored forces (tanks). There is a tank museum, the Musée des Blindés, with more than 850 armored vehicles, wheeled or tracked. Most of them are from France but some were made in other countries such as Brazil, Germany, or the Soviet Union.
The School of Saumur is the name used to denote a distinctive form of Reformed theology taught by Moses Amyraut at the University of Saumur in the 17th century. Saumur is also the scene for Balzac's novel "Eugénie Grandet", written by the French author in 1833 and the title of a song from hard rock band Trust (whose lyrics express their poor opinion of the city: narrow-minded, bourgeois and militaristic).
|Bombing of Saumur during World War II|
|Saumur railway tunnel||June 8/9, 1944||The first use of Tallboy bombs was against a railway tunnel near Saumur, 125 miles south of the battle area. The hasty night raid was to stop a planned German Panzer Division expected later through the tunnel. No. 83 Squadron RAF illuminated the area with flares by 4 Avro Lancasters and marked the target at low level by 3 de Havilland Mosquitos. 25 Lancasters of No. 617 Squadron RAF then dropped their Tallboys with great accuracy; one pierced the roof of the tunnel, brought down a huge quantity of rock and soil, and blocked the tunnel for a considerable period, badly delaying the Panzer IVs.|
|Mission 432/Saumur bridge||June 22, 1944||9 of 10 B-24 Liberators of the United States Army Air Forces used Azon glide bombs against the Samur Bridge; escort is provided by 41 of 43 P-51 Mustangs.|
|Mission 438/Saumur bridge||June 24, 1944||During the morning, 74 B-17 Flying Fortresses are dispatched to the Saumur bridge; 38 hit the primary and 36 hit Tours/La Riche Airfield without loss; escort is provided by 121 of 135 P-51s who claim 4-0-2 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground.|
Saumur was the birthplace of: