Saramaka, sometimes spelled Saramacca is the name of a group of Maroons (escaped African slaves) who established small communities along the Suriname River in Suriname during the 18th century and are now present in Suriname and in French Guiana.
Other groups of Surinamese Maroons (locally called bushi-nengre), are the Alukus (also called Bonis), the Paramakans, the Aukan or Ndjukas, the Kwintis and the Matawais. The Saramaka people are closely related to the Matawai. The Aukaners, Paramakans, Kwintis and Bonis are more closely related to each other.
They formed fiercely independent communities around the cultivation of cassava, taro, plantation, hunting and fishing. The Saramaka people live in huts made of palm leaves, the housing style is reminiscent of West African huts.