Within the Park, the ancient Kanheri Caves dating back 2,400 years were sculpted out of the rocky cliffs. The park has a rich flora and fauna.
The park is located in the suburbs of Mumbai. It occupies most of the northern suburbs. To the west lie the townships of Goregaon, Malad, Kandivali, Borivali and Dahisar. To the east lie the townships of Bhandup and Mulund. To the south lies the Aarey Milk Colony. The northern reaches of this forest lie in Thane district.
The region is hilly with a maximum height of about 400 m. The Park encompasses two lakes, Vihar Lake and Tulsi Lake, which meet part of the city's water requirements. The park is said to be the lungs of the city as it purifies most of the pollution over the city.
The other animals that can be found in the park are: Black Naped or Indian Hare, Muntjac (Barking Deer), Porcupine, Asian Palm Civet, Chevrotain (Mouse Deer), Hanuman or Gray Langur, Indian Flying-fox, Sambar Deer, crocodiles, pythons, cobras, monitor lizards, Daboia (Russell's Viper), Bamboo Pit Viper and Ceylonese Cat Snake.
Rock climbing enthusiasts have been coming to national park for quite some time now. There are many rock faces littered all around the National Park and the Kanheri Caves that offer a great opportunity for rock climbers.
The Park also featured a "toy train" that runs on a narrow gauge railway. The toy train Van rani, which means Jungle Queen, ran for around twenty-five years before it was discontinued in 2001 because of the poor condition of the track. The circuitous route covers a 2.5 kilometre distance parallel to the road leading to the Kanheri Caves. However in 2004, fresh bids were announced for the repair of the track, which was estimated to cost around Rs 30 lakh (3 million). Tickets would be priced at Rs 10 for adults and 5 for children.
In the month of March the tracks were repaired. The train has started to run again after a gap of nearly 2 years. The price of the tickets however remain the same. Most of the animals in the zoo have either been moved or have died hence there is nothing much to see during the train ride except the overwhelming greenery.
There is another such "toy train" experience around 90 km from Mumbai. This is the Matheran Hill Railway toy train that winds 20 km uphill through the forest from Neral to Matheran, a hill station, 90 km from Mumbai.
This temple was demolished by the forest department some years
ago but Mulund locals are trying to reconstruct the temple.
In the early 1970s a road, as proposed, would have cut through the park. Naturalist Humayun Abdulali went to court to halt this project.
The lack of space in Mumbai has pushed residential colonies right up to the park boundary. This boundary is poorly fenced and has often allowed wild animals into human habitations. Slums have mushroomed around the park as well. Corruption among local politicians and Mumbai's influential builder lobby are commonly seen as responsible for a perceived shrinking of the park.
In June 2004, leopards were responsible for the deaths of 20 humans within the span of a week. This was not the first attack. For the past 10 years there have been attacks attributed to leopards stalking children and adults outside the park fringes. After an outcry was raised and the situation reached alarming proportions, eight leopards were caught and relocated.
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