Samogitians (Žemaičiai, Samogitian: Žemaitē) are a Baltic ethnic group inhabiting the region of Samogitia in Lithuania. Many speak the Samogitian dialect of the Lithuanian language.
Samogitians live in western Lithuania. In 1413, they became the last Europeans to convert to Christianity. In 1857, there were 418,824 people with Samogitian ethnicity and 444,921 persons declared Samogitian as their mother tongue in 1897 in Kovno Governorate
. Currently Lithuania does not allow for declaration of Samogitian nationality in passports.
Samogitians call themselves Žemaitē
, though exonyms are used in different languages.