is the preservation of food
. It is related to pickling
(preparing food with brine, rather than dry salt). It is one of many methods of preserving food
Salting is used because most bacteria, fungi and other potentially pathogenic organisms cannot survive in a highly salty environment. Any living cell in such an environment will become dehydrated through osmosis and die or become temporarily inactivated.
Jewish and Muslim dietary laws, require the removal of blood from freshly slaughtered meat, which may be accomplished with the use of salt or brine.