St. John's University
(Chinese: 圣约翰大学) was an Anglican
university located in Shanghai
. Before the Chinese Civil War
it was regarded as one of the most prestigious universities in Shanghai and China. In 1952
, the university was broken up and its faculties were joined with similar faculties from other universities to create several specialist universities.
The University was founded in 1879
as "St. John's College" by Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky
, Bishop of Shanghai, by combining two pre-existing Anglican colleges in Shanghai.
St. John's began with 39 students, and taught mainly in Chinese. In 1891 it changed to teaching with English as the main language. The courses began to focus on science and natural philosophy.
In 1905, St. John's College became St. John's University, and became registered in Washington state in the U.S.. It thus had the status of a domestic university in the U.S. Graduates of St John's could proceed directly to graduate schools in the U.S. As a result, the university attracted some of the brightest and wealthiest students in Shanghai at the time. It was the first institution to grant bachelor's degrees in China, starting in 1907.
The university was located on a bend of the Suzhou Creek in Shanghai, and was designed to incorporate Chinese and Western architectural elements.
The university survived the Chinese Civil War. However, in 1952 the Communist government adopted a policy of creating specialist universities in the Soviet style of the time. Under this policy, St Johns was broken up. Most of its faculties was incorporated into the East China Normal University and Fudan University. The medical school was incorporated into Shanghai Second Medical College, which became the School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University in 2005. The campus became the site of the East China University of Politics and Law.
St. John's University produced several influential figures in the early half of the 20th Century, including:
- David Au, founder of the Sincere Company, the first department store in China.
- Raymond Chow, filmmaker.
- Chung Sze Yuen, senior Hong Kong politician.
- Francis Hsu, former Catholic bishop of Hong Kong.
- Wellington Koo, diplomat, former president of the Republic of China, foreign minister, former judge and vice-president of the International Court of Justice.
- Lin Yutang, writer.
- Liu Yichang, writer.
- Lu Ping, Chinese politician in charge of the handover of Hong Kong and Macau.
- I.M. Pei, architect.
- Qian Liren, Chinese politician and diplomat
- Shi Jiuyong, jurist, currently President of the International Court of Justice.
- T.V. Soong, politician, brother to the Soong sisters, Premier of the Republic of China.
- K.H. Ting, Anglican bishop and former national leader of Protestants in the People's Republic of China.
- Yen Chia-kan, politician, former Vice President and President of the Republic of China.
- Rong Yiren, "Red Capitalist", Vice President of the People's Republic of China.
- Zhang Boling founder of Nankai University and the Nankai system of schools.