Safe Haven law, also known in some states as Baby Moses law, is the popular name for United States' laws that decriminalize leaving unharmed infants with statutorily designated private persons so that the child becomes a ward of the state. "Safe Haven" laws typically let parents remain nameless to the court, often using a numbered bracelet system as the only means of linking the baby to the mother. Some States treat safe haven surrenders as child dependency or abandonment, with a complaint being filed for such in juvenile court. The parent either defaults or answers the complaint. Other States treat safe haven surrenders as adoption surrenders, hence a waiver of parental rights (see parental responsibility).
Police stations, hospitals, rescue squads, and fire houses are all typical locations to which the safe haven law applies.
Detractors also claim that safe haven laws undercut temporary surrender laws, which were enacted specifically for parents who are unsure about whether to keep or relinquish their children. Supporters counter by arguing that anonymity is the only way to convince certain parents not to harm their infants, and that the benefit outweighs any claimed detriment.
Controversy has arisen out the safe haven law enacted in Nebraska in July 2008. The Nebraska law has been interpreted to define a child as anyone under 19, and has resulted in abandonments of teenage children.
But in late 2007, an Ohio common pleas court ruled that the entire Ohio Deserted Child Act (safe haven law) was void for violating the Supreme Court's rule-making authority. In re Baby Boy Doe, 145 Ohio Misc.2d 1, 2007-Ohio-7244. There, the mother had left the child at the hospital, expressing an intent to leave the child there and to have the child adopted. The mother never contacted the hospital or the state agency later regarding the child. The alleged father's identity and location were not fully known. After being granted temporary custody, the state agency moved for permanent custody, as needed for adoption. The attorney and the guardian ad litem for the child challenged the constitutionality of the safe haven law, arguing that certain statutes of it violated the separation of powers doctrine under Art IV, Sec. 5(B) of the Ohio Constitution. The court agreed, finding that the safe haven laws' notice and anonymity statutes conflicted with the notice provisions of Juvenile Rule 15 and the due diligence requirements of other court rules. Juv.R. 15 required issuing summons to the parties ordering them to appear before the court. Under Juv.R. 2(Y) parents were mandated parties. Because the underlying purpose of the safe haven law was to keep parents anonymous and immune from prosecution, Juvenile Rule 15 undermined the safe haven laws' purpose. But the anonymity and notice statues being procedural, the court rules governed. Then, because the notice and anonymity statutes could not be reconciled with the remaining safe haven statutes, the entire safe haven law was of no force and effect. The original safe haven complaint and permanent custody motion were dismissed. The case does not appear to have been appealed.
Secret Safe Place for Newborns is a program that originated in Mobile, AL, in 1998 in response to concerns raised by reporter Jodi Brooks over a series of child abandonment stories. The program was developed by John Tyson Jr., and allows new mothers to leave their newborns at emergency rooms anonymously without fear of prosecution. This program has since been adopted by over 40 states.
LOUISIANA SAFE HAVEN LAW PROVIDES ALTERNATIVE TO ABANDONING NEWBORNS; ST. TAMMANY CASE THIS WEEK COULD HAVE BEEN PREVENTED WITH USE OF LAW.
Jan 18, 2012; BATON ROUGE, LA -- The following information was released by the Louisiana Department of Children & Family Services: Louisiana...