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Sabrewing

Sabrewing

The Sabrewings are large hummingbirds in the genus Campylopterus. They are tropical New World species of the understory and edges of forests, mostly in mountains, and often near streams. The female Sabrewing lays its two white eggs in a relatively large cup nest on a low horizontal branch, usually over a stream.

The sabrewings are very large for hummingbirds, typically 12-15 cm long. The black bill is strong and slightly decurved. The shafts of the male’s two outermost primary flight feathers are thickened, flattened and bent at an angle to give the distinctive feature which gives the sabrewings their English and scientific names (Greek καμπυλοσ kampylos, "bent", and πτερον pteron, "wing").

In some species, the male and female plumage is similar, in others, such as the Violet Sabrewing, the sexes look completely different. In several species, the three outer pairs of the tail feathers are white.

The food of sabrewings is nectar, taken mainly from undergrowth flowers such as Heliconias and bananas.

Species

References

  • A guide to the birds of Costa Rica by Stiles and Skutch ISBN 0-8014-9600-4
  • ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago. 2nd edition, Comstock Publishing.
  • Hilty, Steven L Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm.

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