After World War II, Waldhof picked up play in the Oberliga Süd where they earned mid-table results until being relegated to the 2nd Oberliga Süd in 1954. They bounced up and down between first and second division play until the formation of the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, in 1963. The next season saw them in the tier II Regionalliga Süd alongside local rivals VfR Mannheim. A string of unimpressive results finally led to relegation in 1970 to the Amateurliga Nordbaden (III).
Support from a new sponsor, snack chip maker Chio, revived the team and helped their return to the second division where they played as SV Chio Waldhof Mannheim from 1972 to 1978. They continued to play as a middling side there until an unexpected breakthrough to the Bundesliga in 1983. Waldhof spent seven seasons competing at the top flight until a 17th place finish saw the club relegated at the end of the 1989-90 season. They delivered another seven seasons as a decent 2.Bundeliga club until slipping to the Regionalliga Süd for two seasons in 1997-99. A merger with VfR Mannheim was considered in 1998 but the club walked away from a deal at the last minute. Their return to the 2.Bundesliga in 1999 after a season long struggle with Kickers Offenbach was cut short in 2003 when financial irregularities saw the DFB deny the team a license, dropping them to the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV). Another attempt at a merger with VfR failed that same year. The club played in the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg until 2007-08, when a third place finish allowed them qualification for the Regionalliga.
|1999-2000||2nd Bundesliga (II)||12th|
|2002-03||2nd Bundesliga||18th ↓|
|2003-04||Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV)||3rd|
|2007-08||Oberliga Baden-Württemberg||3rd ↑|
|2008-09||Regionalliga Süd (IV)|
|1999-2000||Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V)||2nd|
|2000-01||Verbandsliga Nordbaden||2nd ↑|
|2001-02||Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV)||6th|
|2002-03||Oberliga Baden-Württemberg||10th ↓|
|2004-05||Landesliga Rhein/ Neckar (VI)||9th|
|2005-06||Landesliga Rhein/ Neckar||11th|
|2006-07||Landesliga Rhein/ Neckar||8th|
|2007-08||Landesliga Rhein/ Neckar||2nd|
|2008-09||Landesliga Rhein/ Neckar (VI)|