Unterseeboot 151 (U-151)
was a World War I
U-boat of the Imperial German Navy
, constructed by Reiherstieg Schiffswerfte & Maschinenfabrik
and launched on April 4
. From 1917 until the Armistice
in November 1918 she was part of the U-Kreuzer Flotilla
, and was responsible for sinking 37 ships.
The U-151 was originally one of seven Deutschland
class U-boats designed to carry cargo between the United States and Germany in 1916. Five of the submarine freighters were converted into long-range cruiser U-boats (U-kreuzers) equipped with two 105mm deck guns, including the U-151 which was originally to have been named Oldenburg
. They were the largest U-boats of World War I.
U-151 was commissioned on 21 July 1917
. From 21 July to 26 December 1917 she was commanded by Waldemar Kophamel
who took U-151 on a long-range cruise which eventually covered a total of 12,000 miles. On 19 September 1917 the U-151 claimed her first victim, the 3,104 ton French sailing vessel Blanche
in the Atlantic. On 20 November 1917 U-151 captured the steamship Johan Mjelde
, and scuttled her on 26 November after transferring 22 tons of her cargo of copper.
U-151 left Kiel
on 14 April 1918 commanded by Korvettenkapitän Heinrich von Nostitz und Jänckendorff, her mission to attack American shipping. She arrived in Chesapeake Bay
on 21 May where she laid mines off the Delaware capes, and cut the submerged telegraph cables which connected New York with Nova Scotia
. On 25 May she stopped three US schooners off Virginia, took their crews prisoner, and sank the three ships by gunfire.
On 2 June 1918, known to some historians as "Black Sunday", U-151 sank six US ships and damaged two others off the coast of New Jersey in the space of a few hours. The next day the tanker Herbert L. Pratt struck a mine previously laid by U-151 in the area but was later salvaged. Only 13 people died in the seven sinkings, their deaths caused by a capsized lifeboat.
On 9 June U-151 stopped the Norwegian freighter Vindeggan off Cape Hatteras. Scuttling charges were rigged aboard her then she was escorted outside the sea lane under a prize crew. Von Noztitz then transferred 70 tons of copper ingots from the Vindeggan to the U-151.
U-151 returned to Kiel on 20 July 1918 after a 94-day cruise in which she had covered a distance of . Her commander reported that she had sunk 23 ships totalling 61,000 tons and had laid mines responsible for the sinking of another 4 vessels.
At the end of the war U-151 was surrendered to France
, where she was turned into a target ship, and was sunk on June 7
- Gibson, R.H.; Maurice Prendergast (2002). The German Submarine War 1914-1918. Periscope Publishing Ltd..