The Subway–Surface Trolley Lines are five SEPTA trolley lines that operate on public streets in Philadelphia and Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and also operate in a shared rapid transit and light rail subway in Center City, Philadelphia.
Starting from their eastern end in downtown Philadelphia, the lines run in a tunnel under Market Street. All five routes stop at underground stations at Juniper, 15th Street, 19th Street, 22nd Street, 30th Street, and 33rd Street. From 15th to 30th Streets, they run in the same tunnel as SEPTA's Market–Frankford Line, with the rapid-transit trains on the inner tracks and the subway–surface trolleys on the outer ones.
Passengers may transfer free of charge to the Market–Frankford Line at Juniper/13th, 15th, and 30th Streets and to the Broad Street Line at 15th Street. Connections to the SEPTA Regional Rail are also available. Underground passageways connect the 13th and 15th Street Stations to Market East Station and Suburban Station.
The 30th Street trolley station is across the street from the 30th Street railroad station that serves SEPTA and Amtrak trains. An underground passageway that connects these stations is currently closed.
The Route 10 line surfaces on 36th Street just south of Market Street, then heads northwest on surface streets. The other four lines make underground stops at 36th and Sansom Streets and at 37th and Spruce Streets, surface at the 40th St Portal near 40th Street and Baltimore Avenue, and then head southwest on surface streets.
The Subway–Surface lines are remnants of the far more extensive streetcar system that developed in Philadelphia after the arrival of electric trolleys in 1892. Several dozen traction companies were consolidated in 1906 into the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company. The PRT funneled the West Philadelphia lines into subway tunnels as they approached the city center. After the PRT declared bankruptcy in 1939, it was reopened as the Philadelphia Transportation Company (PTC), which was absorbed into SEPTA in 1968.
In October 2006, University of Pennsylvania's class of 1956 funded the construction of an innovative portal for one of the eastbound entrances of the 37th and Spruce station: a replica of a Peter Witt trolley of the kind manufactured by J. G. Brill and Company from 1923–26. Operated by the Philadelphia Transportation Company until 1956, these trolleys brought university students to the campus and to Center City, Philadelphia. Routes 11, 34 and 37 ran through the Penn campus on Woodland Avenue and Locust Streets for nearly 65 years. In 1956, the trolley route was buried to enable the university to unify its campus. Woodland Avenue and Locust Street became pedestrian walkways.
|Route||West terminus||Main streets of travel||East terminus||Depot assigned|
63rd Street/Malvern Avenue Loop
|Lansdowne Avenue and|
Juniper Street Station/City Hall
Darby Transportation Center
|Woodland Avenue||Elmwood Carhouse|
Yeadon Loop, OR
Darby Transportation Center
|Chester Avenue||Elmwood Carhouse|
61st Street/Baltimore Avenue Loop
|Baltimore Avenue||Elmwood Carhouse|
80th Street/Eastwick Avenue Loop, OR
73rd St/Elmwood Avenue
|Elmwood Avenue||Elmwood Carhouse|
All stations are in Philadelphia and western suburbs. Stations only on Route 10 are shown in gray.
|Juniper||10, 11, 13, 34, 36|
|15th Street||10, 11, 13, 34, 36|
|19th Street||10, 11, 13, 34, 36|
|22nd Street||10, 11, 13, 34, 36|
|30th Street||10, 11, 13, 34, 36|
|33rd Street||10, 11, 13, 34, 36|
|36th Street Portal||10|
|Overbrook Loop||10|| |
|Sansom Commons/36th Street||11, 13, 34, 36|
|37th/Spruce||11, 13, 34, 36|
|40th Street Portal||11, 13, 34, 36|
|Angora Loop||34|| |
|Darby Transportation Center||11, 13|| |
|Eastwick Loop||36|| |