The Rule of Wen and Jing is often viewed as one of the golden ages in Chinese history, in particularly the Western Han dynasty and it paved the way for the long and stable reign of Emperor Wu. It also enabled Emperor Wu to maintain a powerful army and employ an aggressive foreign policy which greatly expanded the empire and ultimately pushed the Han dynasty to its zenith. The main criticism against it, however, was that it made the rich richer and the poor poorer, due to the lack of mechanisms to redistribute wealth.
Emperor Wu's long reign thoroughly depleted the empire's coffer which took Emperor Wen and Jing decades to established. The Han dynasty would not witness another golden age until the 1st century AD, during the rule of Emperor Ming and Zhang.