Established in 1848 as the Melbourne Hospital, it was one of Melbourne's leading hospitals. Originally located on the corner of Swanston and Lonsdale Streets, Melbourne, in 1935 the hospital was renamed The Royal Melbourne Hospital and, in 1944 it moved to Grattan Street, Parkville by provision of lands in the Royal Melbourne Hospital Act.
The Royal Women's Hospital is currently located in Carlton, Melbourne. The hospital will move in late 2008 to a new building, the new Royal Women's Hospital, located on the Royal Melbourne Hospital site in Parkville.
The Royal Melbourne Hospital continued to operate from their old premises on the corner of Lonsdale and Swanston Streets until the 4th General Hospital relocated to Finschhaven in New Guinea in 1944. The Parkville buildings were reconditioned and the Royal Melbourne Hospital finally moved into their "new" premises in December 1944.
It has one of the largest Emergency Departments in Victoria and is, with The Alfred Hospital, one of Victoria's two major trauma referral centres. The Emergency facilities include: 2 dedicated Trauma bays, 7 resuscitation dedicated cubicles, 25 general cubical beds, and 17 short stay beds. There is also a helipad on top of the hospital so that urgent cases that need to be airlifted from regional areas can be transferred to the Royal Melbourne.
Most medical and surgical specialties are available at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. In addition, the Victoria Infectious Diseases Service (VIDS) is based in the hospital, as is the John Cade Psychiatry Ward and the headquarters of the North Western Mental Health service.
In addition, the Royal Melbourne Hospital has an Enhanced Crisis Assessment & Treatment Team & Triage Service (ECATT) team on call 24 hours a day to assess patients in the Emergency Department.
In postgraduate training, Royal Melbourne Hospital also produced the number 1 top candidate in the Royal Australasian physician college fellowship exam in the year 2002 and 2003. Most recently in March 2006, it achieved a 100% passing rate for the fellowship written exam. It also produces excellent surgical candidates.
The hospital offers enormous numbers of postgraduate educational activities, including weekly professorial case discussion meeting, grand round, daily morning registrars teaching round, intern training sessions, advanced life support forums, and many other individual department-based educational sessions.
The new residents' quarter is located on the 8th floor, equipped with Foxtel payTV, wireless network, new computers, 10 bedrooms and stunning panoramic view of the city of Melbourne.
In addition, there are close ties with: