Roque developed sub-variants, including Two-Ball Roque and Royal Roque.
The term "roque" (ˈrōk) was suggested by Mr. Samuel Crosby of New York in 1899 by removing the "c" and "t" from "croquet. The National Croquet Association, formed in 1882, thereafter changed its name to the National Roque Association in 1899. The term "roque" is not to be confused with the term "roquet" (rō-ˈkā) where a player strikes an opponent's ball with his own.
The American Roque League was founded in 1916 and after mergers with various other roque entities, became the centralized roque league in August 20, 1920. It last published its rules in the 1950s; the National Two Ball Roque Association last published its revised rules in 1961.
In 2004, the American Roque and Croquet Association suspended tournaments because the number of participants at the Nationals had shrunk to single figures.
Roque is still played by a small number of people in the United States. An annual roque tournament is held annually in Angelica, New York. While there are reports that the American Roque League still operates, there is no independent evidence of this. Considering roque was an event at the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, United States, the demise of the sport was meteoric. This is despite the survival of croquet, the creation of new variants of croquet, the smaller court, the relative ease of maintaining the court, and the indoor playing possibilities of roque.
Roque features heavily in Stephen King's novel The Shining. Unlike the movie, where he wielded an axe, in the book Jack Torrance's weapon was a roque mallet. In The Shining, King's character Ullman tells Jack Torrance that roque is the older, original form of the game and croquet is a "bastardized" American version. However, croquet is the original European game and roque is a later American "scientific" innovation.