Roman_Catholic_Archdiocese_of_New_York

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York covers New York, Bronx, and Richmond counties in New York City (coterminous with the boroughs of Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island, respectively), as well as Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester counties in New York state. There are 405 parishes. The Archdiocese of New York is the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of New York which includes the suffragan dioceses of Brooklyn, Albany, Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester, Ogdensburg, and Rockville Centre.

The Latin title of the archdiocese is Archidioecesis Neo-Eboracensis, and the corporate title is Archdiocese of New York.

History

Initially, the territory that now makes up the Archdiocese of New York was part of the Prefecture Apostolic of United States of America which was established on November 26, 1784. On November 6, 1789, the Prefecture was elevated to a diocese and the present territory of the Archdiocese of New York fell under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Baltimore, headed by Bishop John Carroll.

At the time, there was a dearth of priests to minister to the large territory. The first Roman Catholic Church in New York City was St. Peter's on Barclay Street. The land was purchased from Trinity Church with financial aid coming from the Spanish consul. The church was built in the federal style. Among its regular worshippers were Saint Elizabeth Seton and Venerable Pierre Toussaint.

On April 8, 1808, the Holy See raised Baltimore to the status of an Archdiocese. At the same time, the dioceses of Philadelphia, Boston, Bardstown and New York were created. At the time of its establishment, the Diocese of New York covered all of the state of New York, as well as the New Jersey counties of Sussex, Bergen, Morris, Essex, Somerset, Middlesex, and Monmouth. Since the first appointed bishop could not set sail from Italy due to the Napoleonic blockade, Fr. Kohlman was appointed administrator. He was instrumental in organizing the diocese and preparing for the Cathedral of St. Patrick to be built on Mulberry St. Among the difficulties faced by Catholics at the time was anti-Catholic bigotry in general and in the New York school system. A strong Nativist movement sought to keep Catholics out of the country and to prevent those already present from advancing.

On April 23, 1847 territory was taken from the Diocese to form the Dioceses of Albany and Buffalo. The Diocese was elevated to an Archdiocese on July 19, 1850. On July 29, 1853 territory was again taken from the Diocese, this time to form the Diocese of Newark, New Jersey, and the Diocese of Brooklyn. Finally, territory was taken to form the Prefecture Apostolic of Bahama (now the Archdiocese of Nassau) on March 21, 1929.

Archdiocesan Demographics

As of 2004, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was a little over 2.5 million. These Catholics were served by 922 archdiocesan priests and 913 priests of religious orders. Also laboring in the diocese were 359 permanent deacons, 1,493 religious brothers, and 3,153 nuns.

For comparison, in 1929, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was 1,273,291 persons. There were 1,314 clergy ministering in the archdiocese and 444 churches. There were also 170,348 children in Catholic educational and welfare institutions. New York Times article

Bishops

The following is a list of the Roman Catholic Bishops and Archbishops of New York (and their terms of service):

Auxiliary Bishops

Current

  • Josu Iriondo - Ordained a priest in 1962 in Spain; became an archdiocesan priest in 1995. Ordained a bishop in 2001; titular bishop of Alton.
  • Dominick John Lagonegro - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1969 and a bishop in 2001; titular bishop of Modrus.
  • Dennis Joseph Sullivan - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1971 and a bishop in 2004; titular bishop of Enera.
  • Gerald Thomas Walsh - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1967 and a bishop in 2004; titular bishop of Altiburus. Bishop Walsh is the current rector of St. Joseph Seminary in Dunwoodie.
  • Patrick Vincent Ahern, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1945 and a bishop in 1970; titular bishop of Naiera.
  • Robert Anthony Brucato, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1957 and a bishop in 1997; titular bishop of Temuniana.
  • William Jerome McCormack, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1959 and a bishop in 1986; titular bishop of Nicives.
  • Anthony Francis Mestice, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1949 and a bishop in 1973; titular bishop of Villa Nova.
  • Patrick Joseph Thomas Sheridan, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1947 and a bishop in 1990; titular bishop of Cursola.

Deceased

  • Joseph Francis Flannelly - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1918 and a bishop in 1948; titular bishop of Metelis.
  • Edward Vincent Dargin - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1922 and a bishop in 1953; titular bishop of Amphipolis.
  • Joseph Maria Pernicone - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1926 and a bishop in 1954; titular bishop of Hadrianopolis in Honoriade. First Italian-American bishop in New York.
  • Emerson John Moore - first African-American bishop in New York
  • Austin Bernard Vaughan
  • Fulton J. Sheen -- television personality, later bishop of Rochester. then elevated to titular archbishop; buried in crypt of St. Patrick's Cathedral

Bishops who once were priests in the Archdiocese of New York

Living

Deceased

  • St. John Nepomucene Neumann - Ordained for the diocese of New York in 1836, later became a Redemptorist; appointed the fourth bishop of Philadelphia in 1852.
  • Patrick Aloysius Cardinal O'Boyle - Ordained a priest in 1921; appointed the second archbishop of Washington, DC in 1947. Appointed a cardinal in 1967 and given the basilica of S. Nicola in Carcere.
  • James Cardinal McIntyre - Ordained a priest in 1921; appointed an auxiliary bishop of New York and titular bishop of Cyrene in 1940. Appointed coadjutor archbishop of New York and titular archbishop of Paltus in 1946. Appointed second archbishop of Los Angeles in 1948. Appointed a cardinal in 1954 and given the basilica of S. Anastasia.
  • Charles Edward McDonnell - Ordained a priest in 1878; appointed the second bishop of Brooklyn in 1892.
  • William Quarter - Ordained a priest in 1829; appointed the first bishop of Chicago in 1843.
  • Bernard John Joseph McQuaid - Ordained a priest in 1848; appointed the first bishop of Rochester (N.Y.) in 1868.
  • Charles Henry Colton - Ordained a priest in 1876; appointed the fourth bishop of Buffalo in 1903.
  • Edward Dennis Head - Ordained a priest in 1945; appointed an auxiliary bishop of New York and titular bishop of Árd Sratha in 1970. Appointed eleventh bishop of Buffalo in 1973.
  • John Joseph Conroy - Ordained a priest in 1842; appointed the second bishop of Albany in 1865.
  • Francis McNeirny - Ordained a priest in 1845; appointed coadjutor bishop of Albany and titular bishop of Rhesaina in 1871. Appointed the third bishop of Albany in 1877.
  • Joseph Rummel - Ordained a priest in 1902; appointed the fourth bishop of Omaha in 1928. Appointed the tenth archbishop of New Orleans in 1935.
  • Thomas Francis Cusack - Ordained a priest in 1885; appointed an auxiliary bishop of New York and titular bishop of Themiscyra in 1904. Appointed the fifth bishop of Albany in 1915.
  • William Aloysius Scully - Ordained a priest in 1919; appointed coadjutor bishop of Albany and titular bishop of Pharsalus in 1945. Appointed the seventh bishop of Albany in 1954.
  • Edwin Bernard Broderick - Ordained a priest in 1942; appointed an auxiliary bishop of New York and titular bishop of Thizica in 1967. Appointed the eighth bishop of Albany in 1969.
  • Joseph Thomas O'Keefe - Ordained a priest in 1948; appointed an auxiliary bishop of New York and titular bishop of Tres Tabernae in 1982. Appointed the eighth bishop of Syracuse in 1987.
  • George Henry Guilfoyle - Ordained a priest in 1944; appointed an auxiliary bishop of New York and titular bishop of Marazanae in 1964. Ordained the fourth bishop of Camden in 1968.
  • Francis Patrick MacFarland - Ordained a priest in 1845; appointed the third bishop of Hartford in 1857.
  • Walter Philip Kellenberg - Ordained a priest in 1928; appointed an auxiliary bishop of New York and titular bishop of Ioannina in 1953. Appointed the sixth bishop of Ogdensburg in 1954 and the first bishop of Rockville Centre in 1957.
  • John Joseph Mitty - Ordained a priest in 1906; appointed the third bishop of Salt Lake City in 1926. Appointed coadjutor archbishop of San Francisco and the titular bishop of Aegina in 1932. Appointed the fourth archbishop of San Francisco in 1935.
  • Francis Frederick Reh - Ordained a priest in 1935; appointed the ninth bishop of Charleston in 1962. Appointed the rector of the Pontifical North American College in Rome and the titular bishp of Macriana in Mauretania in 1964. Appointed the third bishop of Saginaw in 1968.

Churches

See List of churches in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

Schools

See List of schools in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

Religious Orders

See List of religious orders in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

Cemeteries

The following cemeteries are under the auspices of Calvary & Allied Cemeteries, Inc.:

Many parishes have their own cemeteries, or their own sections in private cemeteries. An incomplete list of those cemeteries follows:

  • Assumption Cemetery (Cortlandt Manor) - Belongs to Assumption Church in Peekskill.
  • Calvary Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
  • Calvary Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Martin de Porres Church in Poughkeepsie.
  • Holy Mount Cemetery (Eastchester) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Tuckahoe.
  • Holy Sepulchre Cemetery (New Rochelle) - Belongs to Blessed Sacrament Church in New Rochelle.
  • Mount Carmel Cemetery (White Plains) - Belongs to Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church in White Plains.
  • Sacred Heart Cemetery (Barrytown) - Belongs to St. Christopher Church in Red Hook. The parish has a mission chapel in Barrytown.
  • St. Anastasia Cemetery (Harriman) - Belongs to St. Anastasia Church in Harriman.
  • St. Denis Cemetery (Hopewell Junction) - Belongs to St. Denis Church in Hopewell Junction.
  • St. Francis of Assisi Cemetery (Mount Kisco) - Belongs to St. Francis of Assisi Church in Mount Kisco.
  • St. Joachim Cemetery (Beacon) - Belongs to St. Joachim-St. John the Evangelist Church in Beacon. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
  • St. John Cemetery (Goshen) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Goshen.
  • St. John Cemetery (Pawling) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Pawling.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Florida) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Florida.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Middletown) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Middletown.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Millbrook) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Millbrook.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Yonkers.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Bangall) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Bangall.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Port Jervis) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Port Jervis.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Wappingers Falls) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Wappingers Falls.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Washingtonville) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Washingtonville.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Yonkers.
  • St. Patrick Cemetery (Millerton) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Amenia. The parish has a mission chapel in Millerton.
  • St. Patrick Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
  • St. Peter Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Peter Church in Hyde Park. The church was formerly located in Poughkeepsie.
  • St. Raymond Cemetery (The Bronx) - Belongs to St. Raymond Church in the Bronx. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
  • St. Stephen Cemetery (Warwick) - Belongs to St. Stephen-St. Edward Church in Warwick.
  • St. Sylvia Cemetery (Tivoli) - Belongs to St. Sylvia Church in Tivoli.
  • St. Thomas Cemetery (Cornwall-on-Hudson) - Belongs to St. Thomas of Canterbury Church in Cornwall-on-Hudson.

Catholic Charitable Organizations

See List of charitable organizations in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

Saints, Blesseds, Venerables of New York

External links

Search another word or see Roman_Catholic_Archdiocese_of_New_Yorkon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature