is the name of a département
of the First French Empire
in present day Germany
and the Netherlands
. It was named after the river Rur
, which flows through the département. It was formed in 1795, when the Southern Netherlands
and the left bank of the Rhine
were occupied by the French. The département de la Roer was formed from the duchies of Jülich
, the part of the Archbishopric of Cologne
left of the Rhine, the free city of Aachen
, the Prussian
part of the duchy of Guelders
and some smaller territories. In 1805
the city Wesel
was added to the département.
The capital was Aix-la-Chapelle. The département was subdivided in the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):
- Aachen, cantons: Aachen, Burtscheid, Düren, Eschweiler, Froitzheim, Geilenkirchen, Gemünd, Heinsberg, Linnich, Monschau and Sittard.
- Cleves, cantons: Cleves, Geldern, Goch, Horst, Kalkar, Kranenburg, Wankum, Wesel and Xanten.
- Krefeld, cantons: Krefeld, Bracht, Erkelenz, Kempen, Moers, Neersen, Neuss, Odenkirchen, Rheinberg, Uerdingen, Viersen
- Cologne, cantons: Cologne, Bergheim, Brühl, Dormagen, Elsen, Jülich, Kerpen, Lechenich, Weiden and Zülpich.
After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the département was divided between the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (left bank of the Meuse and a strip along its right bank including Gennep, Tegelen and Sittard, in present Limburg (Netherlands)) and the Kingdom of Prussia (province Jülich-Cleves-Berg, presently part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany).