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Revaz_Dogonadze

Revaz Dogonadze

Revaz Dogonadze (November 21, 1931 - May 13, 1985) was a notable Georgian scientist, Corresponding Member of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (GAS), Professor, one of the founders of quantum electrochemistry,

Life and works

He was born in 1931, in Tbilisi, Georgia. His father, a Professor of Agrarian Sciences, was Roman I. Dogonadze (1905–1970). In 1955 Revaz Dogonadze graduated from the Moscow Physics-Engineering Institute. He was Scientific Fellow (1958–1962) and Senior Scientific Fellow - Head of the Group of Quantum Electrochemistry (1962–1978) of the Department of Theoretical Investigations of the Moscow Institute of Electrochemistry (now Frumkin Institute of Electrochemistry of the Russian Academy of Science). He was Associate Professor (1963–1969) and Professor (1969–1973) of the Moscow State University. In 1961 he received a PhD degree, in 1966 a degree of Doctor of Sciences (Full Doctor).

Dogonadze was the first to view a chemical electron-transfer process as a quantum-mechanical transition between two separate electronic states, induced by weak electrostatic interactions between the molecular entities represented by the states. His group attracted students from Moscow State University and the Moscow Physics-Engineering Institute, and foreign scientists as well; he was advisor for 13 PhD and 5 Dr.Sci. theses. Work of this group through the 1970s dealt with the relation between electron transfer and other condensed phase electronic processes such as light absorption, emphasizing processes involving three rather than two electronic levels, with low-temperature processes and with particular features characteristic of biological processes.

He and his pupils suggested the first quantum-mechanical model of proton transfer in polar solvents taking into account the dynamic role of the polar solvent, and created a well-known quantum-mechanical theory of kinetics of chemical, electrochemical and biochemical processes in polar liquids, as well as a quantum-mechanical theory of kinetics of atomic-molecular transformation in condensed media,

Dogonadze founded and was the first head (1978-85) of the Department of Theoretical Investigations of the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry and Electrochemistry of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (GAS). In 1982-85 he was also Head of the Department of General and Theoretical Physics of the Georgian Technical Universityand in 1982 was elected Corresponding Member of the GAS. From 1978-85. he was Chairman of the Department of Electrochemical Physics of the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE). He was a member of the Editorial Board of the international Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry and Interfacial Electrochemistry and the Editorial Board of the Russian journal Elektrokhimia. Dogonadze organized a number of international conferences in his subject, and was author about 190 scientific research works (among them 7 monographs). Under Dogonadze's guidance were prepared about 20 theses (13 PhD's and 5 Dr.Sci.). He was co-editor and co-author of a three-volume collective monograph The Chemical Physics of Solvation (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1985-1986).

Some main works of Revaz Dogonadze

  • R.R. Dogonadze and A.M. Kuznetsov. "Contemporary State of the Theory of Electrode Processes" (a monograph). Publishing House of VINITI, Moscow, 1969, 100 pp. (in Russian, English summary)
  • R.R. Dogonadze and Z.D. Urushadze. "Semi-Classical Method of Calculation of Rates of Chemical Reactions Proceeding in Polar Liquids".- J.Electroanal.Chem., 32 (1971), pp. 235-245
  • M.V. Volkenshtein, R.R. Dogonadze, A.K. Madumarov, Z.D. Urushadze and Yu.I. Kharkats. "Theory of Enzyme Catalysis".- Molekuliarnaya Biologia, Moscow, 6 (1972), pp. 431-439 (in Russian, English summary)
  • M.V. Volkenshtein, R.R. Dogonadze, A.K. Madumarov, Z.D. Urushadze and Yu.I. Kharkats. "Electronic and Confirmational Interactions in Enzymic Catalysis".- Konfirmatsionnye Izmenenia Biopolimerov v Rastvorakh, Publishing House "Nauka", Moscow, 1973, pp. 153-157 (in Russian, English summary)
  • R.R. Dogonadze. "Theory of Molecular Electrode Kinetics" (a monograph).- N.S. Hush (Ed.). Reactions of Molecules at Electrodes. Interscience, London, 1971, pp. 135-227
  • R.R. Dogonadze and A.M. Kuznetsov. "Kinetics and Catalysis. Kinetics of Heterogeneous Chemical Reactions in Solutions" (a monograph). Publishing House of VINITI, Moscow, 1978, 223 pp. (in Russian)
  • R.R. Dogonadze and T.A. Marsagishvili. "Electrodynamics on Electrochemical Systems: Application to IR and Optical Transitions in Systems Containing Impurities".- J.Surf.Sci., 101 (1980), pp. 439-461
  • R.R. Dogonadze and T.A. Marsagishvili. "Methods of Quantum Field Theory in Electrodynamics of Solvation".- R.R. Dogonadze, E. Kalman, A.A. Kornyshev and J. Ulstrup (Eds.). The Chemical Physics of Solvation, Part A, Ch. 2, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1985, pp. 39-76.

See also

External links

References

  • Revaz Dogonadze Memorial Issue of the international journal Electroanalytical Chemistry and Interfacial Electrochemistry, Vol. 204, 1986
  • A.M. Kuznetsov. "A Tribute to Professor Revaz R. Dogonadze: The Man and His Works".- Progress in Surface Science, Vol. 20(1), Pergamon Press, 1985, pp. 1-7
  • Z.D. Urushadze. "Professor Revaz Dogonadze", Publishing House "Tsodna", Tbilisi, 1986, 30 pp. (in Georgian)
  • "Standard bearer of Quantum Electrochemistry" ("Flagman Kvantovoi Elektrokhimii"). Compiled by Prof. Zurab D. Urushadze, Publishing House of the Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, 1991, 141 pp. (in Russian).

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