Definitions

Reutlingen

Reutlingen

[roit-ling-uhn]
Reutlingen, city (1994 pop. 107,607), Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany. Manufactures include textiles, paper, leather goods, iron, and machinery. Reutlingen was a free imperial city from the mid-13th cent. until it passed (1802-3) to Württemberg. In 1377 the Swabian League defeated Duke Ulrich of Württemberg there. Reutlingen was the first Swabian city to accept the Protestant Reformation (16th cent.). The Church of St. Mary (13th-14th cent.) is an outstanding example of late German Gothic architecture. The 19th-century economist Friedrich List was born in Reutlingen.

Reutlingen is a city in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the capital of the eponymous district of Reutlingen. As of April 2008, it has a population of 109,828. Reutlingen has a university of applied sciences, which was founded in 1855, originally as a weaver's school. Today Reutlingen is home to an established textile industry and also houses machinery, leather goods and steel manufacturing facilities.

Geography

Reutlingen lies in the Southwest corner of Germany, near Stuttgart. Reutlingen lies right next to the Swabian Jura, hence why it is often called The gate to the Swabian Jura (Das Tor zur Schwäbischen Alb).

History

The first settlements in the area are believed to date from the 4th or 5th century. Some time around 1030, Count Egino started to build a castle on top of the Achalm, one of the largest mountains in Reutlingen district (about 706 m). One of the towers of this castle still stands today and is open for visitors. The name Reutlingen was first mentioned in writing in the so-called Bempflingen Treaty (Bempflinger Vertrag) which is dated approximately 1089–90.

Around 1180, Reutlingen received market rights and, between 1220 and 1240 it was promoted to city status and city-walls and fortifications were built. Shortly thereafter, from 1247–1343, the town's landmark, the St. Mary's Church (Marienkirche) was built.

Reutlingen became an Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire, freeing from allegiance to the Duke of Württemberg.

Reutlingen's city council signed the Augsburg Confession in 1530 and the Formula of Concord in 1580, key documents of Lutheranism.

The largest disaster in the history of Reutlingen happened in 1726, when a large fire swept through the city, destroying 80% of all residential houses and almost all public buildings, making 1,200 families homeless. The impact of this fire, which lasted three days, can be seen in various spots throughout the city until today.

In 1803, in the wake of the French Revolutionary Wars, Reutlingen lost its independence in the German Mediatisation, being restored to Württemberg.

During World War II, parts of the "V1 Vergeltungswaffe" or "Vengeance Weapon" (wings) were manufactured in Reutlingen and the city became the target of several allied Bombing Raids.

General Ferdinand Heim, later to be noted as the "Scapegoat of Stalingrad" was born in Reutlingen.

Main sights

  • Church of the Virgin Mary, built in Gothic style in the 13th–14th centuries. In the nearby is a statue of emperor Frederick II.
  • Marktbrunnen ("Market Fountain", 16th century), surmounted by the statue of emperor Maximilian II.
  • Spitalhof, built as a hospital in the 14th century. Damaged by a fire, it was largely rebuilt in the 18th century.
  • Church of St. Nicholas, built in the 14th century as a chapel.
  • Gerber- und Färberbrunnen ("Tanners' and Dyers' Fountain"), 1920
  • City Hall 1966

University

Reutlingen University is a university of applied sciences. Their method of hands on learning is apparent in their mandatory internship for all business majors. Reutlingen University is an internationally friendly school with 111 cooperative campuses worldwide. Also, classes are generally taught in German; however, in the Master's program classes are taught in English.

Partner cities

References

External links

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