Regular_Batasang_Pambansa

Regular Batasang Pambansa

The Regular Batasang Pambansa or the Second Batasan was the meeting of the parliament of the Philippines from the beginning of its session on July 23, 1984 until it was abolished by President Corazon Aquino on March 25, 1986.

Events

Marcos impeachment complaint

On August 13, 1985, fifty-six Mambabatas Pambansa (MP) or Members of Parliament signed a resolution calling for the impeachment of President Marcos for graft and corruption, culpable violation of the Constitution, gross violation of his oath of office and other high crimes.

They cited the San Jose Mercury News exposé of the Marcoses’ multi-million dollar investment and property holdings in the United States. The properties allegedly amassed by the First Family were the Crown Building, Lindenmere Estate, and a number of residential apartments (in New Jersey and New York), a shopping center in New York, mansions (in London, Rome and Honolulu), the Helen Knudsen Estate in Hawaii and three condominiums in San Francisco, California.

The MPs also included in the complaint the misuse and misapplication of funds “for the construction of the Film Center, where X-rated films are exhibited, contrary to public morals and Filipino customs and traditions.”

The following day, the Committee on Justice, Human Rights and Good Government dismissed the impeachment complaint for being insufficient in form and substance:

The resolution is no more than a hodge-podge of unsupported conclusions, distortion of law, exacerbated by ultra partisan considerations. It does not allege ultimate facts constituting an impeachable offense under the Constitution. In sum, the Committee finds that the complaint is not sufficient in form and substance to warrant its further consideration. It is not sufficient in form because the verification made by the affiants that the allegations in the resolution “are true and correct of our own knowledge” is transparently false. It taxes the ken of men to believe that the affiants individually could swear to the truth of allegations, relative to the transactions that allegedly transpired in foreign countries given the barrier of geography and the restrictions of their laws. More important, the resolution cannot be sufficient in substance because its careful assay shows that it is a mere charade of conclusions.

The People Power Revolution

The People Power Revolution from February 22 to February 25, 1986 was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. Four days of peaceful action by millions of Filipinos in Metro Manila under the guidance of Jaime Cardinal Sin led to the downfall of the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand Marcos and the installation of Corazon Aquino as president of the Republic.

Presidential Proclamation No. 3

On March 25, 1986, President Corazon Aquino signed Presidential Proclamation No. 3 or the Freedom Constitution which abolished the Office of the Prime Minister and the Regular Batasang Pambansa:

Whereas, the new government was installed through a direct exercise of the power of the Filipino people assisted by units of the New Armed Forces of the Philippines; Whereas, the heroic action of the people was done in defiance of the provisions of the 1973 Constitution, as amended; Whereas, the direct mandate of the people as manifested by their extraordinary action demands the complete reorganization of the government, restoration of democracy, protection of basic rights, rebuilding of confidence in the entire governmental system, eradication of graft and corruption, restoration of peace and order, maintenance of the supremacy of civilian authority over the military, and the transition to a government under a New Constitution in the shortest time possible; Whereas, during the period of transition to a New Constitution it must be guaranteed that the government will respect basic human rights and fundamental freedoms; Wherefore, I, Corazon C. Aquino, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the sovereign mandate of the people, do hereby promulgate the following Provisional Constitution:

This is an excerpt from Article I, Section 3 of the Presidential Proclamation No. 3:

Section 3. ARTICLE VIII (The Batasang Pambansa), ARTICLE IX (The Prime Minister and the Cabinet), ARTICLE XVI (Amendments), ARTICLE XVII (Transitory Provisions) and all amendments thereto are deemed superseded by this Proclamation.

Sessions

Leadership

  • Prime Minister

Cesar E. A. Virata (KBL, Parliamentary District of Cavite)
Salvador H. Laurel (UNIDO) appointed on February 25, 1986

  • Deputy Prime Minister

Jose A. Roño, Jr. (KBL, Parliamentary District of Samar)

  • Speaker of the Batasan

Nicanor E. Yñiguez, Jr. (KBL, Parliamentary District of Southern Leyte)

  • Speaker Pro-Tempore

Salipada K. Pendatun (KBL, Parliamentary District of Maguindanao)
Macacuna B. Dimaporo (KBL, Parliamentary District of Lanao del Sur), elected 1985

  • Majority Floor Leader

Jose A. Roño (KBL, Parliamentary District of Samar)

  • Minority Floor Leader

Jose B. Laurel, Jr. (UNIDO, Parliamentary District of Batangas)

Legislation

The Regular Batasang Pambansa passed a total of 181 laws: Mga Batas Pambansa Blg. 703 to 884

Major legislation

Members

Member of Parliament

Province/City Member of Parliament (MP) Party
Abra Arturo V. Barbero
KBL
Agusan del Norte Edelmiro A. Amante
NP
Agusan del Sur Democrito O. Plaza
KBL
Aklan Rafael B. Legaspi
UNIDO
Albay Pedro M. Marcellana, Jr.
UNIDO
Peter A. Sabido
KBL
Victor A. Ziga
UNIDO
Antique Arturo F. Pacificador
KBL
Aurora Luis S. Etcubañez
KBL
Baguio City Honorato Y. Aquino
UNIDO
Basilan Candu I. Muarip
UNIDO
Bataan Antonino P. Roman, Jr.
KBL
Batanes Fernando C. Faberes
KBL
Batangas Manuel G. Collantes
KBL
Jose B. Laurel, Jr.
UNIDO
Hernando B. Perez
UNIDO
Rafael R. Recto
UNIDO
Benguet Samuel M. Dangwa
ind.
Bohol Eladio I. Chatto
KBL
Ramon M. Lapez
KBL
David B. Tirol
KBL
Bukidnon Lorenzo S. Dinlayan
KBL
Jose Ma. R. Zubiri, Jr.
KBL
Bulacan Jesus S. Hipolito
KBL
Rogaciano M. Mercado
UNIDO
Teodulo C. Natividad
KBL
Blas F. Ople
KBL
Cagayan Antonio C. Carag
KBL
Juan Ponce Enrile
KBL
Alfonso R. Reyno, Jr.
KBL
Cagayan de Oro City Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr.
PDP-Laban
Caloocan City Antonio C. Martinez
UNIDO
Virgilio P. Robles
UNIDO
Camarines Norte Roy B. Padilla
UNIDO
Camarines Sur Ciriaco R. Alfelor
UNIDO
Rolando R. Andaya
UNIDO
Edmundo B. Cea
UNIDO
Luis R. Villafuerte, Sr.
UNIDO
Camiguin Jose Paul N. Neri
ind.
Capiz Enrique M. Belo
ind.
Charles B. Escolin
KBL
Catanduanes Jose M. Alberto
KBL
Cavite Helena C. Benitez
KBL
Renato P. Dragon
KBL
Cesar E. A. Virata
KBL
Cebu Emerito S. Calderon
KBL
Nenita Cortes-Daluz
UNIDO
Ramon D. Durano III
KBL
Regalado E. Maambong
KBL
Luisito R. Patalinjug
KBL
Adelino B. Sitoy
KBL
Cebu City Antonio V. Cuenco
UNIDO
Marcelo B. Fernan
UNIDO
Cotabato Tomas B. Aga, Jr.
KBL
Carlos B. Cajelo
KBL
Davao City Manuel M. Garcia
KBL
Zafiro L. Respicio
PDP-Laban
Davao del Norte Rodolfo P. del Rosario
KBL
Rolando C. Marcial
UNIDO
Rogelio M. Sarmiento
KBL
Davao del Sur Alejandro D. Almendras
KBL
Douglas R.A. Cagas
PDP-Laban
Davao Oriental Merced Edith N. Rabat
KBL
Eastern Samar Vicente O. Valley
KBL
Ifugao Zosimo Jesus M. Paredes, Jr.
KBL
Iligan City Camilo P. Cabili
KBL
Ilocos Norte Imee Marcos-Manotoc
KBL
Antonio V. Raquiza
KBL
Ilocos Sur Salacnib F. Baterina
KBL
Eric D. Singson
KBL
Iloilo Salvador B. Britanico
KBL
Fermin Z. Caram, Jr.
UNIDO
Arthur D. Defensor
UNIDO
Narciso D. Monfort
KBL
Rafael P. Palmares
NP
Isabela Rodolfo B. Albano
KBL
Prospero G. Bello
KBL
Simplicio B. Domingo, Jr.
KBL
Kalinga-Apayao David M. Puzon
KBL
La Union Jose D. Aspiras
KBL
Joaquin L. Ortega
KBL
Laguna Arturo D. Brion
KBL
Rustico F. delos Reyes, Jr.
ind.
Wenceslao R. Lagumbay
NP
Luis A. Yulo
KBL
Lanao del Norte Abdullah D. Dimaporo
KBL
Lanao del Sur Omar M. Dianalan
KBL
Macacuna B. Dimaporo
KBL
Las Piñas-Parañaque Jaime N. Ferrer
UNIDO
Leyte Damian V. Aldaba
KBL
Artemio E. Mate
KBL
Emiliano J. Melgazo
KBL
Benjamin T. Romualdez
KBL
Alberto S. Veloso
KBL
Maguindanao Simeon A. Datumanong
KBL
Salipada K. Pendatun
KBL
Makati Ruperto C. Gaite
KBL
Malabon-Navotas-Valenzuela Manuel C. Domingo
UNIDO
Jesus T. Tanchanco
KBL
Manila Jose L. Atienza, Jr.
UNIDO
Eva Estrada-Kalaw
UNIDO
Carlos C. Fernando
UNIDO
Gemiliano C. Lopez, Jr.
UNIDO
Gonzalo G. Puyat II
UNIDO
Arturo M. Tolentino
KBL
Marinduque Carmencita O. Reyes
KBL
Masbate Jolly T. Fernandez
UNIDO
Venancio L. Yaneza
ind.
Misamis Occidental Henry Y. Regalado
ind.
Misamis Oriental Homobono A. Adaza
Mindanao Alliance
Concordio C. Diel
KBL
Mountain Province Victor S. Dominguez
KBL
Negros Occidental Wilson P. Gamboa
UNIDO
Antonio M. Gatuslao
ind.
Roberto A. Gatuslao
KBL
Jaime G. Golez
KBL
Alfredo G. Marañon, Jr.
KBL
Roberto L. Montelibano
KBL
Jose Y. Varela, Jr.
KBL
Negros Oriental Ricardo D. Abiera
KBL
Andres C. Bustamante
KBL
Emilio C. Macias II
KBL
Northern Samar Edilberto A. del Valle
KBL
Nueva Ecija Angel D. Concepcion
KBL
Leopoldo D. Diaz
KBL
Mario S. Garcia
KBL
Eduardo Nonato N. Joson
KBL
Nueva Vizcaya Leonardo B. Perez
KBL
Occidental Mindoro Pedro T. Mendiola
KBL
Olongapo City Amelia J. Gordon
KBL
Oriental Mindoro Rolleo L. Ignacio
UNIDO
Jose Reynaldo V. Morente
KBL
Palawan Ramon V. Mitra
PDP-Laban
Pampanga Aber P. Canlas
KBL
Rafael L. Lazatin
UNIDO
Emigdio L. Lingad
UNIDO
Juanita L. Nepomuceno
UNIDO
Pangasinan Victor E. Agbayani
KBL
Gregorio S. Cedaña
KBL
Felipe P. de Vera
KBL
Demetrio G. Demetria
UNIDO
Conrado F. Estrella
KBL
Fabian S. Sison
UNIDO
Pasay City Jose Conrado Benitez
KBL
Pasig-Marikina Emilio N. dela Paz, Jr.
UNIDO
Augusto S. Sanchez
UNIDO
Quezon Cesar D. Bolaños
UNIDO
Bienvenido O. Marquez, Jr.
UNIDO
Hjalamar P. Quintana
UNIDO
Oscar F. Santos
UNIDO
Quezon City Ismael A. Mathay
KBL
Orlando S. Mercado
UNIDO
Cecilia Muñoz-Palma
UNIDO
Alberto G. Romulo
UNIDO
Quirino Orlando C. Dulay
KBL
Rizal Francisco S. Sumulong
UNIDO
Emigdio S. Tanjuatco, Jr.
UNIDO
Romblon Natalio M. Beltran, Jr.
UNIDO
Samar Jose A. Roño
KBL
Fernando R. Veloso
KBL
San Juan-Mandaluyong Neptali A. Gonzales
UNIDO
Siquijor Manolito L. Asok
KBL
Sorsogon Salvador H. Escudero
KBL
Augusto G. Ortiz
KBL
South Cotabato Rufino B. Bañas
UNIDO
Hilario B. De Pedro
UNIDO
Rogelio V. Garcia
UNIDO
Southern Leyte Nicanor E. Yñiguez
KBL
Sultan Kudarat Benjamin C. Duque
KBL
Sulu Hussin T. Loong
KBL
Surigao del Norte Constantino C. Navarro, Sr.
KBL
Surigao del Sur Higino C. Llaguno, Jr.
KBL
Taguig-Pateros-Muntinlupa Renato L. Cayetano
KBL
Tarlac Homobono C. Sawit
KBL
Mercedes C. Teodoro
KBL
Tawi-Tawi Celso J. Palma
KBL
Zambales Antonio M. Diaz
KBL
Zamboanga City Cesar C. Climaco
UNIDO
Zamboanga del Norte Romeo C. Jalosjos
NP
Guardson R. Lood
KBL
Zamboanga del Sur Vicente M. Cerilles
KBL
Bienvenido A. Ebarle
KBL
Isidoro E. Real, Jr.
UNIDO
Benjamin T. Romualdez preferred to sit as Ambassador of the Philippines to the United States therby was disqualified to sit as Mambabatas Pambansa of Leyte.
Salipada K. Pendatun died in office.
Cesar C. Climaco was assassinated on November 14, 1984.

References

See also

External links

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