In a Rechtsstaat, the power of the state is limited in order to protect citizens from the arbitrary exercise of authority. In a Rechtsstaat the citizens share both legally based civil liberties and they can use the courts. A country cannot be a liberal democracy without being a Rechtsstaat.
The concept of the Rechtsstaat first appeared in the German context in Robert von Mohl's book Die deutsche Polizeiwissenschaft nach den Grundsätzen des Rechtsstaates ("German police science according to the principles of the constitutional state")(1832–1834), and was contrasted with the aristocratic police state.
German writers usually place Immanuel Kant's theories at the beginning of their accounts of the movement toward the Rechtsstaat.
Indonesian Reformasi as Reflected in Law: Change and Continuity in Post-Suharto Era Legislation on the Political System and Human Rights
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