Ramgarhia community originated from the Sikh's Ramgharia Misl affiliated with the Sikh Confederacy. The Baron (or Misldhar) of Ramgharia Misl was Nand Singh,he was succeeded by Jassa Singh Ramgarhia. The founder of the Ramgarhia Misl was Khushal Singh of Guga village near Amritsar. Khushal Singh was succeeded by, Nand Singh Sanghania who belonged to village Sanghani near Amritsar. After his death he was succeeded by Jassa Singh (1723-1803), under whose stewardship the band assumed the status and the name of the Misl.
Hardas Singh, the grandfather of Jassa Singh, was the resident of Suringh which is situated about nineteen miles east of Khem Karan, in the present district of Amritsar. Hardas Singh was initiated into the Khalsa faith by Guru Gobind Singh Ji himself from whose hands he took Amrit/pahul (the Sikh baptismal oath) and fought some battles at Guru Ji’s side. After the death of the Guru, he joined the forces of Banda Bahadur and took part in almost every religious battle under his flag against the Mughal Empire. In 1716 AD., he died in a skirmish. After him his son, Sardar Bhagwan Singh became the head of the family, and with 200 followers entered the Imperial Mughal forces under the Governor of Lahore. Owing to his ability he rose to be a distinguished officer. He died fighting for his master in 1739 at Lahore, when Nadir Shah invaded India and the Governor resisted him ineffectually. He had five sons. Baron Jassa Singh, the eldest, now became the head of the family. He was appointed a Risaldar by the Governor of Lahore, and the following villages were given to him : Jagir Valla, Verka, Sultanwind, Tung and Chabba (all of these are now in the Amritsar district). The Sehmi Clan of Nawan Pind in Valla/ Verka today hold the spirit of Jassa Singh's endeavours. On the death of Khan Bahadur, the Governor of Lahore, in 1746, Baron Jassa Singh, together with his followers, joined his Sikh brethren at Amritsar.
When Prince Timur, son of Ahmad Shah Abdali, marched against Adina Beg, the latter retreated towards the hills to the north and Baron Jassa Singh and his brothers left him and went to Amritsar, where they joined the forces of Nand Singh Sanghania. The younger brother of Sardar Jassa Singh was at this time killed in action with the Afghans near Majitha. After the terrible blow dealt to the Sikhs by Abdali, in the Battle of Ghallughara('Holocaust'), in which 17,000 Sikhs fell, the three brothers, Jassa Singh, Mali Singh and Tara Singh, with Jai Singh Kanhaiya (Leader of the Kanhaiya Misl), were reduced to the necessity of hiding in jungles and subsisting on whatever chance threw in their way. They had, however, the temerity to visit Amritsar to bathe in the sacred tank, and pillaged the suburbs of the city. When attacked by the Shah's troops they fired off their matchlocks and fled to the jungles. After the departure of Ahmad Shah, Jassa Singh with his brothers Mali Singh and Tara Singh, and Jai Singh Kanhaiya emerged from their jungle retreat, and collecting their followers ravaged the country far and wide, building forts and establishing military outposts. When Khawaja Obed, the Governor of Lahore, attacked the Sikh fort at Gujranwala, he was opposed by the united forces of the Ramgarhias and Kanhaiyas and the guns, ammunition and treasure left by the Governor were equally divided by the Barons of the two Misls.
The Afghan prince and his guardian, seeing that all their attempts to disperse the Sikhs had failed, and that the number of the insurgents was daily increasing by thousands, and realising that the forces at their own disposal, however well armed and disciplined, were not strong enough to stand before them, considered it prudent to evacuate Lahore and retire towards the Chenab. They retreated in the night, unknown even to their own Hindustani troops, whom they distrusted, and in such haste that the royal family fell into the hands of the enemy, though they were subsequently released. This took place about the middle of 1758. The triumphant Sikhs occupied Lahore under their celebrated leaders, Baron Jassa Singh Ahluwalia and the Ramgarhia Baron of that name. Thus the Sikhs became for the first time masters of Lahore.
Here is a List of few of the ramgarhia surnames.
Asi or Assi,Attwal, Aulakh, Bahra,Bajwa, Bansal, Birdi, Basrai, Bassan, Bhamra, Bharaj, Bhatti ,Bhogal, Bhuie, Bhullar, Bhumber, Chahal, Channa, Channi, Chilotra,Chopra, Dadiala, Dev, Devgan, Dhanjal,Dhaunsi, Dhiman, Flora, Notta, Florey, Ghatorhe, Hunjan, Hanjrah, Hans, Hanspal, Jabbal, Jhandu, Jheethe,Jutla,Kaler, Kalsi, Khokhar, Jhans, Juss Kakkar, Lotey, Mankoo, Mann, Marwaha, Matharoo, Mudher, Munde, Muttar, Nagi, Osahan, Padam, Palaha, Panesar, Pannu,Phull, Riat, Ramanna, Rihal, Rooprai, Sagoo, Seehra, Sohal, Sokhi ,Sokhey , Soorajbansi, Thethi, Thind, Ubhi, Uppal, Virdi, Warhaich, Zinta, Soor, Sammi,Saund[sohanpal]