(1968) Brief period of liberalization in Czechoslovakia under
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City (pop., 2001 est.: 1,178,576), capital of the Czech Republic. Situated on both sides of the Vltava River, the site was settled as early as the 9th century AD. By the 14th century it was one of Europe's leading cultural and trade centres. It was the focal point of opposition to the Habsburgs in the early 17th century (see Defenestration of Prague). The treaty ending the Austro-Prussian War was signed there in 1866. It became the capital of an independent Czechoslovakia in 1918. Prague was occupied by Germany during World War II and by the U.S.S.R. and other Warsaw Pact military forces in 1968 (see Prague Spring). In 1989 it was the centre of a movement that led to the peaceful overthrow of the communist government. Prague is the country's major economic and cultural centre, famous for its music, literature, and architecture.
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In 1854 a recent Czech immigrant named Mathias Novak purchased of land and built a house in which early masses were celebrated. His arrival attracted other Czech immigrants, including John Baca, Joseph Vyuiala, Andreas Gallia, Joseph Hajek, Frank Vacl, and George Morysek. In 1858 the town was renamed “Praha”, the Czech word for Prague in honor of their homeland's capital city.
The small town slowly grew over the next decades. In 1865 Joseph Bithowski, a Bernardine father, built a small frame church, and at midnight on Christmas Day the first Mass was offered. In 1868 a public school was established, and by the 1880s Praha had three stores, a restaurant, and a new frame church, which served as the mother parish for surrounding towns. A post office started service in 1884, and in 1896 a Czech Catholic school was established.
Praha began a gradual decline after 1873, when the Southern Pacific Railroad laid tracks a mile north of town and Flatonia, a new town founded nearer the tracks, began to draw business away from Praha.
At its peak in the 1880s, Praha boasted 700 residents, but during the twentieth century the population of Praha never rose above 100, and in 1906 the post office closed. By 1968 the population had dropped to 25. In 1973 both the parochial and public schools closed.
However, worshipers from the area continue to attend masses at the parish church, currently the town's most notable feature. This spectacular Gothic structure was completed in 1892 and is the center of the annual Feast of the Assumption homecoming festival, which has been celebrated in Praha each August 15th since 1855. Locally known as "Praha Fest", the celebration draws as many as 5,000 visitors to its traditional Czech polka music and kolaches.
During the Second World War Praha had the unfortunate distinction of being the U.S. town with largest ratio of war deaths to residents. The largest number of deaths occurred in 1944, when 9 soldiers from Praha were killed. Three small identical chapels were built in memory of the dead.
These deaths resulted in a great deal of friction with the residents of German descent in the towns surrounding Praha.
US Patent Issued to Ustav Organicke Chemie A Biochemie Akademie Ved Ceske Republiky, V.V.I., Fyziologicky Ustav Akadamie Ved Ceske Republiky, V.V.I., Psychiatricke Centrum Praha on Nov. 5 for "Steroide Anionic Compounds, Method of Their Production, Usage and Pharmaceutical Preparation Involving Them" (Czech Inventors)
Nov 05, 2013; ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 5 -- United States Patent no. 8,575,376, issued on Nov. 5, was assigned to Ustav Organicke Chemie A...
Eurotel Praha launches PoC technology with Nokia solution.(Eurotel Praha spol. s r. o., Push to talk over Cellular)(Brief Article)
Dec 23, 2004; NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-23 December 2004-Eurotel Praha launches PoC technology with Nokia solution(C)1994-2004 M2...