Placodonts ("Tablet teeth") were a group of marine reptiles that lived during the Triassic period, becoming extinct at the end of the period. It is believed that they were related to the Sauropterygia, the group that includes Plesiosaurs. Placodonts were generally between one to two metres in length, with some of the largest measuring three metres long.
In appearance, many resembled stout- or barrel-bodied newts, or lizard, while others looked more turtle-like due to large bony plates on their backs. They had short limbs and were highly robust.
Because of their dense bone and heavy armour plating, these creatures would have been too heavy to float in the ocean and would have used a lot of energy to reach the water surface. For this reason and because of the type of sediment found accompanying fossils it is suggested they lived in shallow waters and not in deep oceans.
Their diet consisted of marine bivalves, brachiopods, and other invertebrates. They were notable for their large, flat, often protruding teeth which they used to crush molluscs and brachiopods, which they hunted on the sea bed (another way in which they were similar to walruses). The palate teeth were adapted for durophagy, being extremely thick and large enough to crush thick shell. The first specimen was discovered in 1830, and they have since been discovered throughout Europe and the Middle East.
Fossil middle triassic "sea cows"--placodont reptiles as macroalgae feeders along the north-western tethys coastline with pangaea and in the germanic basin.(Report)
Jan 01, 2011; 1. INTRODUCTION The extinct reptile group of the Placodonts found in Germany and other European sites (Figure 1), a group...