The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, also known as "the Trib," is the second largest daily newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Although founded in 1889, it existed only in Westmoreland County until 1992 when, as an offshoot of the Greensburg Tribune-Review, it started serving all of Pittsburgh after a strike at the two previously dominant Pittsburgh dailies, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette and Pittsburgh Press, deprived the city of a newspaper for several months.
With seven daily papers,, one afternoon paper, 10 weekly papers, the Pittsburgh Pennysaver, five magazines and a plethora of Web sites, Trib Total Media is owned by heir to the Mellon banking, oil, and aluminum fortune, Richard Mellon Scaife.
The Trib is generally considered to have a conservative editorial page, contrasting that of their competitor the Post-Gazette which generally has a liberal viewpoint.
The Greensburg Tribune-Review was purchased in 1970 by heir to the Mellon banking, oil, and aluminum fortune, Richard Mellon Scaife.
Scaife was a decade early in trying to unarm the Post-Gazette. In 1981-82, he started a short-lived eastern suburbs paper, The Daily-Sunday Tribune.
During a newspaper strike that temporarily ceased the Post-Gazette and ultimately closed the Press, Scaife expanded the Greensburg Trib, based in Westmoreland County, to include coverage of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh. He named the paper, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.
In 1997, Scaife added to his small collection of newspapers by purchasing The Daily Courier of Connellsville, the Leader Times of Kittanning and The Valley Independent of Monessen from Thomson Newspapers.
In the fall of 1997, Scaife's NewsWorks facility opened in the North Hills.
In December 1997, the Tribune-Review company purchased the North Hills News Record, even though four months earlier, then-Trib president Ed Harrell told the Pittsburgh Business Times that the company was not interested in the News Record.
Nine months after purchasing the North Hills News Record from Gannett Company, Tribune-Review Publishing Co. announced the paper would be merged with the Pittsburgh Trib. The News Record was most successful during the newspaper strike of the early 1990s.
At its demise, the North Hills News Record had a daily circulation of more than 16,000, nearly 1,000 less than its circulation before the Trib bought it.
In early 2000, the Trib announced the "News Record" name would retire after more than two years of a combined "Tribune-Review/North Hills News Record" banner. North Hills coverage would be wrapped into the Trib's neighborhoods section.
Also in 2000, the Trib announced it would stop producing the twice-weekly Irwin-based paper, Standard Observer.
Citing a "sagging economy," the Trib laid off more than four percent of its workforce in 2003, including freelance writers.
More shakeups continued in 2005 as circulation numbers dropped and a top official left. An online message board featured back and forth fights between Pittsburgh and Greensburg employees.
Edward Harrell, then-president of the Tribune Review Publishing Company, announced in January 2005 that most of the regional editions of the paper would have their newsroom, management and circulation departments merged and staff reductions would follow. The merged papers include the Tribune-Review of Greensburg, the Valley News Dispatch of Tarentum, The Leader-Times of Kittanning, The Daily Courier of Connellsville and the Blairsville Dispatch. The Valley Independent, the only paper with a unionized newsroom and contract, was not affected.
The company incorporated as Trib Total Media in the summer of 2005, and purchased Gateway Newspapers, a community publication group servicing approximately 22 communities, at the time, in and around Pittsburgh's Allegheny County.
Two managers were immediately laid off. The exact number of proposed redundancies was not announced.
In September 2005, Harrell announced his retirement as president of Tribune-Review Publishing Company, effective December 31, 2005. He had served as president since 1989. Several staff writers were laid off in December 2005 as two of Gateway's newspapers were discontinued.
In May 2008, the PG and the Trib reached a deal for one company to deliver both papers. The Post-Gazette would begin delivering the Trib to most of the area with some exceptions. Terms of the deal were not disclosed.
On June 20, 2008, Trib Total Media publicly announced it was closing seven weekly newspapers in the Gateway Newspapers chain. The papers affected include: Bridgeville Area News, North Journal, McKnight Journal, Woodland Progress, Penn Hills Progress, Coraopolis-Moon Record and the Advance Leader. Many of those papers are several decades old.
The company also announced major changes to the remaining Gateway publications including a revamp of the Pennysaver in the communities that have Gateway newspapers.
Several published reports say the remaining community newspapers would expand coverage to include areas no longer serviced by Gateway publications. The communities served by those titles will now be served by other Gateway newspapers.
Carl Prine, an investigative reporter for the newspaper, conducted a probe with the CBS news magazine 60 Minutes that highlighted the lack of security at the nation's most dangerous chemical plants following the September 11, 2001 attacks.
The reporters, and a CBS camera operator, were charged with trespassing at a Neville Island plant during their investigation They were later acquitted when the judge accepted that the story had been in the public interest.
One Tribune-Review flap went national when Colin McNickle, editor of the newspaper's editorial page, attended a July 26, 2004 speech at the Massachusetts State House given by Teresa Heinz Kerry, who had been the subject of two negative articles in the Tribune-Review's opinion pages. After the speech, there was a dispute between McNickle and Heinz Kerry over her use of the term "un-American activity."
In 2007, the Trib reported significant circulation gains only because of combined numbers.
A year earlier, the company saw a loss in circulation numbers at various papers.
In 2005, a report by the Audit Bureau of Circulations determined that the Post-Gazette had lost 5,000 subscribers on its Monday-to-Friday deliveries, while the Greensburg Tribune-Review and Pittsburgh Tribune-Review lost 8,000 subscribers Monday to Friday, with deeper losses on Sundays.
Although the circulation slumps are part of a nationwide trend in the U.S., both the Tribune-Review and Post-Gazette lost readers at a greater rate than the national average of 1.6 percent for dailies with more than 100,000 subscribers.