Pierre Boutroux 6 December 1880
to 15 August 1922
was a French mathematician and historian of science. He was born in Paris into a well connected family of the French Intelligencia. His father was the philosopher Émile Boutroux
. His mother was Aline Catherine Eugénie Boutroux born Poincaré, sister of the scientist and mathematician Henri Poincaré
. A cousin, Raymond Poincaré
was to be President of France
Boutroux is chiefly known for his work in the history and philosophy of mathematics. He occupied the mathematics chair at Princeton University from 1913 until 1914.
Boutroux published his major work Les principes de l'analyse mathématique in two volumes; Volume 1 in 1914 and Volume 2 in 1919. This is a comprehensive view of the whole field of mathematics at the time.