Definitions

Phoebus

Phoebus

[fee-buhs]
Phoebus or Phoebus Apollo: see Apollo.

Milton Obote.

(born Dec. 28, 1924, Akoroko village, Lango, Uganda—died Oct. 10, 2005, Johannesburg, S.Af.) First prime minister (1962–70) and president (1966–71, 1980–85) of Uganda. Elected to the Legislative Council in 1958, he led his country to independence in 1962. As prime minister, he accepted a constitution that granted federal status to five traditional kingdoms, including Buganda, but in 1966 he sent troops under Gen. Idi Amin to subdue Buganda's ruler, Mutesa II, and later abolished all the kingdoms. Obote was overthrown in a 1971 coup led by Amin, but, after Amin was deposed in 1979, Obote returned to Uganda and established a repressive government. He was again ousted in 1985 and eventually settled in Zambia.

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Apollo Belvedere, restored Roman copy of the Greek original attributed to Leochares, 4th century elipsis

Most widely revered of the Greek gods. He communicated the will of his father Zeus, made humans aware of their guilt and purified them of it, presided over religious and civil law, and foretold the future. His bow symbolized distance, death, terror, and awe; his lyre symbolized music, poetry, and dance. As a patron of the arts, he was often associated with the Muses. He was also a god of crops and herds. He became associated with the sun, and was even identified with Helios, the sun god. Also associated with healing, he was the father of Asclepius. By tradition, Apollo and his twin, Artemis, were born at Delos to Leto. Apollo's oracle was established at Delphi; the Pythian Games commemorated his killing (while still an infant) of the serpent Python to take the shrine. His many lovers fared poorly: the fleeing Daphne became a laurel tree; the unfaithful Coronis was shot by Artemis, and Cassandra, who rejected him, was doomed to utter true prophecies no one would believe.

Learn more about Apollo with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Phoebus (pronounced /ˈfiːbəs/ or /ˈfibəs/) is the Latin form of Greek Phoibos (Φοῖβος) "Shining-one", a byname used in classical mythology for either the god Apollo or the sun.

Under the modern Greek spelling Phevos or Phivos (pronounced "Fivos") and paired with Athena, he was a mascot of the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

Classical Latin poets also used Phoebus as a byname for the sun-god, whence common references in later European poetry to Phoebus and his car ("winged chariot" ) as a metaphor for the sun.

But in mythological texts the Sun-god and Apollo are otherwise not confused or identified. For example, in Ovid's Metamorphoses the hero Phaëton is son of Phoebus the sun-god, not son of Phoebus Apollo.

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