He was born on Norfolk Island, to Philip Gidley King and Anna Josepha King and named for his father's mentor, Arthur Phillip, which explains the difference in spelling of his and his father's first names. Sent to England for education in 1796, he joined the Royal Navy in 1807, and was promoted to lieutenant in 1814.
He was assigned to survey the parts of the Australian coast not already examined by Matthew Flinders, and made four voyages between December 1817 and April 1822. The first three trips were in the cutter HMS Mermaid, but the vessel was grounded in 1820, and the fourth trip was undertaken in the sloop HMS Bathurst. He also sailed to Bass Strait and Tasmania for measurements.
He had been promoted to commander in July 1821, and in April 1823 returned to England. He subsequently commanded the survey vessel HMS Adventure, and in company with HMS Beagle, spent five years surveying the complex coasts around the Strait of Magellan. The result was presented at a meeting of the Royal Geographical Society in 1831. He owned a property at Dunheved in the western suburbs of Sydney where he entertained Charles Darwin on Darwin's last night in Sydney in January 1836.
King was a Fellow of the Royal Society.
Marsden Hordern, Mariners are Warned! John Lort Stokes and HMS Beagle in Australia 1837-1843.(King of the Australian Coast: The Work of Phillip Parker King in the Mermaid and Bathurst 1817-1822)(Book Review)
Jun 01, 2004; Marsden Hordern, Mariners are Warned! John Lort Stokes and HMS Beagle in Australia 1837-1843, MUP, Carlton South, 2002, pp 355,...
'The Braidwood Literary Institute: Some Historical Notes and Analysis of Its Subscribers and Their Borrowing Records, 1858-1862.'
Nov 01, 2009; Abstract This paper will firstly give a brief overview of the history of the Braidwood Literary Institute, concentrating on the...