, Trachinotus falcatus
, is a game fish
of the western Atlantic ocean
belonging to the Carangidae family
. Adults feed on crabs
, and smaller fish
The Permit was first described by the "father of taxonomy", Carolus Linneaus
in his tenth edition of the work Systema Naturae
, which was published in 1758. He originally classified it as Labrus falcatus
though the fish has since been placed under the genus Trachinotus
The Permit's genus name, Trachinotus
comes from a fusion of the Greek words trachys
), which means "rough", and noton
), meaning "back. The species
name for the Permit, falcatus
, is a Latin adjective, which roughly means "armed with scythes
." This serves as a reference to the Permit's dorsal fin
that occasionally protrudes from the water water when schools
of Permit feed near the surface.
Permits can be distinguished by their elongated dorsal fins
and anterior fin
. The dorsal fin is shaped like a scythe. Permit tails are also deeply forked, and their bodies are compressed laterally, making the fish tall and thin when viewed from the front.
The average Permit has six to seven dorsal spines, and eighteen to twenty one soft rays. The anal fin has two to three spines, and sixteen to eighteen soft rays Both dorsal and anal fins have dark, anterior lobes. Permits have no scutes and have a large, orange-yellow patch on their abdomens in front of their anal fins, while their pectoral fins are dark
Distribution and habitat
Permit are usually found in shallow, tropical waters such as flats
, and muddy bottoms. They are usually seen as individuals or in small schools.
Although Permit are found close to shore and even in some brackish
areas, they spawn offshore. Young Permit are found usually in the surf zone
where there are plenty of small invertebrates
for them to feed on.
Permit are found in the western Atlantic ocean from Massachusetts to Brazil, including most of the Caribbean islands.