Penobscot

Penobscot

[puh-nob-skot, -skuht]
Penobscot, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They were the largest group of the Abnaki Confederacy and resembled the other members culturally. In the early 17th cent. they inhabited the region around Penobscot Bay and the Penobscot River in Maine. A French mission was established among them in 1688 on the site of the present city of Bangor. The Penobscot were active in all the New England frontier wars, generally supporting the French, until 1749, when a peace treaty with the English put an end to their hostilities. The treaty created ill feeling with other Abnaki peoples, who remained firm supporters of the French. In 1750 the Penobscot numbered some 700. The assistance that the Penobscot gave the colonists in the American Revolution gained for them a reservation at Old Town, Maine. In 1990 there were some 2,400 Penobscot in the United States.

See F. G. Speck, Penobscot Man (1940, repr. 1970) and Penobscot Shamanism (1919, repr. 1974); P. Anastas, Glooskap's Children; Encounters with the Penobscot Indians of Maine (1973).

Penobscot, river, 350 mi (563 km) long, rising in numerous lakes in central Maine and flowing generally east in four branches, uniting, then flowing S into Penobscot Bay; longest river in Maine. The river, navigable to Bangor, is an important source of power; several miles north of its mouth the river is crossed by the Penobscot Narrows Bridge and Observatory. The Penobscot's upper course is in a wooded region famous for hunting, fishing, and canoeing, and its lower regions are gradually recovering from heavy lumbering. The Penobscot was first explored by the English voyager Martin Pring in 1603; in 1604 the French explorer Samuel de Champlain sailed up the course of the river.

Penobscot is a town in Hancock County, Maine, United States. The Bagaduce River runs through the town. The population was 1,344 at the 2000 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.7 square miles (121.1 km²), of which, 39.8 square miles (103.2 km²) of it is land and 6.9 square miles (17.8 km²) of it (14.74%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,344 people, 533 households, and 370 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.7 people per square mile (13.0/km²). There were 723 housing units at an average density of 18.1/sq mi (7.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.07% White, 0.15% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.

There were 533 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the town the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,232, and the median income for a family was $42,368. Males had a median income of $30,921 versus $22,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,035. About 4.0% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

References

Further reading

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