This Pease family
was a prominent mostly Quaker
family associated with Darlington
and County Durham
and descended from Joseph Pease of Darlington, son of Edward Pease (1711–1785). The family earlier came from Fishlake
. They were heavily involved in the 19th century in woollen manufacturing, railways, coal mines, and politics. Notable events in their history include the establishment of the Stockton and Darlington Railway
in the 1820s and the failure of the family bank in 1902. The latter forced several of them close to bankruptcy. Six members of the family were Members of Parliament
Joseph Pease (1737-1808) founded Pease Partners Bank (1761). His children included
Joseph Pease's descendants
The second Joseph Pease had two children
- John Beaumount Pease (1803-1873) - son of Joseph Pease and Elizabeth Beaumont of Feethams; he married Sarah Fossick and had issue
- John William Pease (1836-1901) married Helen Mary Fox (1838-1928) (daughter of Alfred Fox of the Fox family of Falmouth who created Glendurgan Garden). With his brother-in-law Thomas Hodgkin founded the Newcastle bank of Hodgkin, Barnett, Pease, Spence & Co that became part of Lloyds Bank in 1902.
- John William Beaumont Pease (1869-1950) - first Baron Wardington. Chairman of Lloyds Bank (1922-1945). Amateur golfer. He married Dorothy Charlotte Forster and had two sons
- Christopher Henry Beaumont Pease (1924-2005) - second Baron Wardington. A noted bibliophile; he was succeeded by his brother
- William Simon Pease (b. 1925), third Baron Wardington; he is married but has no issue, so this title is doomed to extinction.
- Edwin Lucas Pease (-1889) -
- Elizabeth Pease Nichol [née Pease] (1807-1897) - abolitionist, anti-segregationist, woman suffragist, and anti-vivisectionist In 1853 she married Dr. John Pringle Nichol (1804-1859), Regius Professor of Astronomy at the University of Glasgow much against her family's wishes.
Edward Pease's descendants
Edward Pease had five sons and three daughters including
- John Pease (1797-1868). first son. His daughter
- Joseph Pease (railway pioneer) (1799-1872) second son. Railway owner, industrialist and first Quaker Member of Parliament. He had five sons and three daughters by his wife Emma Gurney, a first cousin of Joseph John Gurney
- Joseph Whitwell Pease (1828-1903) - eldest son. Baronet of Hutton Lowcross and Pinchinthorpe. His two sons and six daughters by his wife, Mary Fox (daughter of Alfred Fox who created Glendurgan Garden), include
- Edward Pease (1834-1880) - founded Darlington library.
- Beatrice Mary Pease (1866-1935) - married in 1885 the 6th Earl of Portsmouth, Newton Wallop. After her marriage, she lodged a lawsuit against her uncle Joseph Whitwell Pease alleging that his bank had mismanaged her inheritance. He lost the suit and had to pay 500,000 pounds which caused the bank to be effectively bankrupt.
- Arthur Pease (1837-1898) - third son, Member of Parliament for Whitby (1880-1885) and Darlington (1895-?)
- Gurney Pease (1839-1872) - fourth son of Joseph Pease. His children include
- Elizabeth Lucy Pease married John Fowler (1826-1864) an engineer who invented a steam plough.
- Isaac Pease (1805-1825)
- Henry Pease (1807-1881). Fifth son. Railway owner. Founded the seaside resort of Saltburn-by-the-Sea. Member of Parliament for South Durham (1857-1865), President of the Peace Society. He had one son by his first wife, Anna Fell, and three sons and two daughters by his second, Mary Lloyd.
- Henry Fell Pease (1838-1896) - eldest son. Member of Parliament for Cleveland, Yorkshire
More distant relations
Related but not considered Darlington Peases were descendants of the first Joseph Pease's brother, Thomas Pease (1743-1811). His grandson Thomas Pease (1816-1884) married thrice and had many children, with his third wife, Susanna Ann Fry, sister of the judge Edward Fry and aunt of Roger Fry. These children included
- Edward Reynolds Pease (1857-1955), a founder and long time secretary of the Fabian Society. He in turn is father of
- Michael Pease (1890–1966), geneticist at Cambridge University and member of the Cambridge County Council. He was also interned at Ruhleben during the First World War. After the war he married Helen Bowen Wedgwood daughter of Josiah Wedgwood (later the first Lord Wedgwood). They were parents of, among others
- Rendel Sebastian (Bas) Pease, nuclear physicist, FRS (1922-2004, died aged 81). He was thrice married and twice widowed, and had two sons and three daughters by his first wife Susan (died 1996). His third wife Eleanor survives him with all his children.
- Jocelyn Richenda (Chenda) Pease (d. 2005 as Lady Huxley), wife of the biologist Andrew Huxley; they had several children together who survive her, along with her widower.
- Nicolas Arthington Pease (1896-1983), received a Military Cross (with a bar) during WWI. Married Muriel Pullen. They were the parents of
- Veronica Pease (1924- )
- Martyn Edward Pease (1927- )
- Marian (May) Fry Pease, educator
Joseph Pease's sister Ann (?-1826) married Jonathan Backhouse (1747-1826) founder of Backhouse's Bank in 1774 and was mother of
- Jonathan Backhouse (1779-1842) - banker father of
- Ann Backhouse mother of
- Jonathan Backhouse Hodgkin (1843-1926) father of
- Harold Olaf Hodgkin (1879-1981) Married Lydia Grubb
- Ernest Pease Hodgkin (1906-1997) Married Mary McKerrow (died 1985) and was nearly disowned for doing so. Ernest became an expert on Mosquito breeding habits and moved to Malaya to further his studies. He was interned in a civilian POW camp from 1942 to the end of the war and he and his family moved to Australia. He became a very well-known marine biologist in Western Australia. He is survived by four children, Christopher Graham, Patricia, Jonathan and Michael who all have children and most of them have children of their own.