Paul Foley (1644/5 – 13 November 1699) (also known as Speaker Foley) was the second son of Thomas Foley of Witley Court the prominent Midlands ironmaster. He took over his father's ironworks in and around the Forest of Dean in the early 1670s and continued them until 1685 when he let them to John Wheeler and Richard Avenant, who had managed ironworks for his brother Philip Foley. In 1692, the two brothers entered into a partnership with these managers and John Wheeler's brother, Richard. This lasted until after Paul's death.
Paul Foley was elected M.P. for Hereford in 1679. He was elected again for the same seat in 1689 and was a member of important Parliamentary committees during the reign of William III. He was elected Speaker of the House of Commons in 1695, a post he held until his death. He was, like his brother's son in law Robert Harley, one of the Country Whigs, and like him had a Presbyterian background.
He married Mary daughter of Alderman John Lane of London. Their eldest son was Thomas Foley (auditor of the imprests).