Constantino "Paul" Castellano (June 26, 1915 – December 16, 1985), also known as "The Howard Hughes of the Mob" and "Big Pauly" (or "PC" to his family), was a mafia boss in New York. He succeeded Carlo Gambino as head of the Gambino crime family, then one of New York's largest Mafia families. In early 1985, he was one of many Mafia bosses arrested on charges of racketeering, which was to result in the Mafia Commission Trial; in December of that year, while out on bail, Castellano and an associate were shot to death outside Sparks Steak House in Manhattan on the orders of John Gotti.
He logged his first arrest in 1934. The 19-year-old Castellano refused to identify his two accomplices to the police and served a three-month prison sentence on his own, his refusal to co-operate with the authorities giving him a good reputation as a 'stand up guy'. Castellano often signed his name as "C. Paul Castellano" because he hated his first name, Constantino. Eventually he became known as Paul.
Castellano became a member of the Mangano family sometime in the 1940s, and was named a capo under Vince Mangano's successor, Albert Anastasia. In 1957, after Carlo Gambino became boss, Castellano attended the Apalachin Conference.
With his butcher's background, Castellano launched a successful wholesale poultry distribution business that at its height, supplied 300 butchers in the city. He also had two major supermarket chains, Key Food and Waldbaum's, under his thumb.
In a show of his true ruthlessness, Castellano called for the murder of his daughter's boyfriend, Vito Borelli, in 1975 when Castellano heard that Borelli had likened Castellano's appearance to that of chicken magnate Frank Perdue, which was highly uncomplimentary due to Perdue's balding and elderly appearance (which some likened to a chicken), as well as to his comic and awkward mannerisms in his commercials. Ironically, Perdue would later call on Castellano for assistance with union issues at one of his processing plants, a decision Perdue later said that he regretted. Castellano also allegedly murdered his own son-in-law, Frank Amato, a young thug who married his attractive daughter, Connie Castellano, and then took to beating her. In 1980 Amato disappeared and was never seen again. The executioner, according to FBI documents, was none other than Gambino family soldier, Roy DeMeo, who cut up Amato’s body and disposed of the remains at sea.
Castellano saw himself more as a businessman rather than a hoodlum; in fact, his longterm goal was legitimacy. Under Castellano, the Gambinos expanded their already strong influence on the building industry. For decades, the Gambinos had enjoyed a hammer lock on Teamsters Local 282, which could literally bring most construction jobs in New York City to a halt. His connections expanded to places as far away as Kuwait. As part of an effort to lead a more open life-style, he purchased a large mansion in the prominent Todt Hill neighborhood of Staten Island. He didn't entirely forsake murder, however. For example, after finding out that Nick Scibetta, the brother-in-law of a rising star in the family, Sammy "the Bull" Gravano, was engaging in what was seen as behavior embarrassing to the family, Castellano ordered him killed.
Castellano also fostered or developed important alliances for the Gambinos, such as with the Irish-American mobsters from Hell's Kitchen known as the Westies, who Castellano would call upon as enforcers and hitters, and with a group of Sicilians known as the Cherry Hill Gambinos, who imported and trafficked large quantities of Sicilian heroin throughout the United States.
Some Gambino wiseguys began losing respect for Castellano, feeling he had lost touch with the essence of the organization. They felt he was too distant. Dellacroce, however, supposedly wouldn't approve of an attempt on his life, and thus they could not try to harm him.
Castellano ordered the murders of James "Jimmy the Clam" Eppolitto and his son, both being former crew members. The hits were carried out by Anthony "Nino" Gaggi and Roy DeMeo. Also, after being indicted with trusted captain Anthony "Nino" Gaggi over the Roy DeMeo stolen car operation, Castellano ordered DeMeo's slaying out of fear the ruthless killer may cooperate.
In early 1985, he was one of many Mafia bosses arrested on charges of racketeering, which was to result in the Mafia Commission Trial. Castellano was released on $3,000,000 bail and rumors were floating about that the 70-year-old might try to cut a deal with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and turn on his criminal associates in order to avoid prison. There were also rumours that he had undergone an operation to cure his impotence in order to help him carry on an affair with his young maid, rumors that Gotti happily spread.
Paul Castellano didn't mind being tagged as a murderer, However, according to the book Murder Machine by Gene Mustain and Jerry Capeci, Castellano got offended when he thought that a police officer had implied that he was less than a gentleman. When Detective Kenneth McCabe placed him under arrest, he did not protest. But when McCabe mentioned to Castellano that his late cousin, Carlo Gambino had been a "real gentleman", Castellano looked hurt and then responded, "What? I'm not a gentleman?"
On December 2, 1985, Dellacroce died of lung cancer. Castellano then made two major mistakes. First, he did not attend Dellacroce's funeral - which was viewed as highly disrespectful. Second, Castellano then named his bodyguard, Tommy Bilotti, as the new underboss. Although Bilotti was a loyal mobster, he was also a brutish loanshark with little of the diplomatic skill required to hold such a high rank within the organization.
Within two weeks of Dellacroce's death, on December 16, Castellano and Bilotti were shot to death outside Sparks Steak House in Manhattan on the orders of John Gotti. They had been lured there supposedly to a meeting with Gotti in order to iron out their differences. The hit team included Vincent Artuso, Salvatore "Fat Sally" Scala, Edward Lino, and John Carneglia, with backup shooters positioned down the street including Dominick "The Brain" [[Angelo Ruggiero, Joseph Watts, Richard "The Iceman" Kuklinski and Anthony Rampino. Gotti and Gravano observed from a car across the street.
During his life, Castellano was able to set up his sons in successful businesses, making them become multimillionaires themselves, while not becoming Gambino wiseguys (although their companies certainly benefitted from the fact that their father commanded a network of over 350 made members and hundreds of more associates). One such business, Scara-Mix concrete, based in Staten Island, dominates the borough's concrete pouring industry. In 2006, during the racketeering trial of Gotti's son John A. Gotti, former captain Michael DiLeonardo testified that he was the bagman for the family and collected thousands of dollars per year from the brothers Peter and Philip who operated Scara-Mix.
The elder Gotti succeeded Castellano as head of the Gambino family, a fact that was confirmed by the testimony of Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, Gotti's underboss, when he entered into a plea bargain with the government in 1991. Gotti was later convicted of ordering Castellano's murder, along with a host of other crimes.