parole

parole

[puh-rohl]
parole, in criminal law, release from prison of a convict before the expiration of his term on condition that his activities be restricted and that he report regularly to an officer. The convict generally remains under sentence, and the restrictions (as of residence, occupation, type of associates) and the supervision are intended to prevent a relapse into crime. Any violation of parole may result in return to imprisonment. The procedure of parole is regulated by statute in the jurisdictions of the United States. It is less often administered directly by the executive than it is by a board or officer with the power to release a convict after he has served the minimum of an indeterminate sentence. Parole is designed to give the prisoner a chance to readjust and to expedite the process of rehabilitation. In military law, a parole is the promise by a prisoner of war on being released from confinement that he will remain in a stipulated place, not attempt to escape, and not take up arms again in the current hostilities against the forces that captured him.

See studies by G. Cavender (1982) and H. E. Allen (1985).

Supervised conditional liberty from prison granted prior to the expiration of a prisoner's sentence. Modern use of parole stems from a change in penal philosophy to emphasize rehabilitation rather than retribution. In some jurisdictions, those convicted of certain crimes (e.g., rape or murder) are not eligible for parole. Conditions of parole vary, but in all cases their violation may constitute grounds for reincarceration. Parole supervision ranges from little more than a periodic police check to intensive supervision by trained personnel. Seealso probation.

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Parole is a census-designated place (CDP) in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States. The population was 14,031 at the 2000 census. It is where several major roads intersect at the edge of the state capital, Annapolis, and adjacent to the Annapolis Mall shopping center and Anne Arundel General Hospital. The neighborhood was named because it was a site where Union and Confederate prisoners of war were brought for mutual exchange and eventual return to their respective homes.

Geography

Parole is located at (38.991657, -76.548450).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.9 square miles (30.7 km²), of which, 10.3 square miles (26.6 km²) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km²) of it (13.25%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,031 people, 6,645 households, and 3,707 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,364.4 people per square mile (527.0/km²). There were 6,946 housing units at an average density of 675.4/sq mi (260.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.36% White, 6.49% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 6,645 households out of which 14.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.2% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.54.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 12.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 27.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $67,479, and the median income for a family was $82,988. Males had a median income of $60,601 versus $43,610 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $39,102. About 0.2% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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