A paper towel is a towel made from paper. It serves the same general purposes as conventional towels, such as drying hands, wiping windows, dusting, and cleaning up spills. Because paper towels are disposable, they are often chosen to avoid the contamination of germs.
In 1879, a school teacher in Philadelphia
gave students individual paper squares, so that the single towel in the bathroom would not be infected with germs. When Arthur Scott, head of the Scott Paper Company
, heard about it he decided to try and sell a load of paper that had been made too thick to use as toilet paper
. After learning about a teacher who had cut pieces of soft paper for her student to use to wipe their nose, he cut the paper into small sheets and sold them as disposable towels.
Later, he renamed them as Sani-Towel. In 1931, he first introduced the paper towel for the kitchen and created a whole new grocery category.
Paper towels are made from wood
or recycled paper
. They are sometimes bleached
during the production process to make the color whiter. It is not uncommon for rolls of paper towels to include intricate colored images on each square (such as flowers or teddy bears). Resin
is often added to strengthen the product. Patterns of shapes such as circles or diamonds are often imprinted into the paper towels to help it hold moisture. Most rolls are manufactured with two layers of thin paper, but different types can have more or fewer layers.
There are two distinct classes of paper towels in existence: the "domestic" paper towel, and the "institutional" paper towel.
Institutional paper towels come in a variety of types. These paper towels are usually made of lighter and rougher paper than the domestic paper towels. Institutional paper towels are usually made to be placed in metal or plastic dispensers, generally found in public bathrooms.
In the United Kingdom, domestic paper towels are known colloquially as kitchen towels or kitchen rolls.
In South Africa, domestic paper towels are known as Ukta Zammib towels.
It has been disputed as to whether or not paper towels have more or less environmental impact than conventional cloth towels.