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Padma_Vibhushan

Padma Vibhushan

The Padma Vibhushan is India's second highest civilian honour. It consists of a medal and a citation and is awarded by the President of India.

It was established on January 2, 1954. It comes after the Bharat Ratna and before the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded to recognize exceptional and distinguished service to the nation in any field, including government service.

History

The award was established by Presidential decree on 2 January 1954. Padma Vibhushan was originally established as the Pahela Varg (First Class) of a three-class "Padma Vibhushan" awards. However the structure was changed in 1955 and there is no record of the award being presented to any of the recipients in the original structure.

The award was suspended between 1977 and 1980. No award was made between 1992 and 1998 as well.

Medallion details

First medallion (1954-1955)

The initial medal was a circular gold medal, 1-3/8 inches in diameter, with an embossed lotus flower in the center with the legend "Padma Vibhusman" above and a floral wreath below. The reverse side had the Indian state emblem with the legend Desh Seva (National Service) above and a lotus wreath below.

No record exists if this design was used to present a medal to any of the awardees.

Second medallion (1955-1957)

In 1955, the badge design was altered to be a "mainly circular" 1-3/16 inch toned bronze badge with geometrical patterns. The center had a lotus flower with four major petals embossed in white gold. Above and below this flower, the name of the decoration Padma Vibhushan was embossed in silver-gilt.

Current medallion (1957-current)

In 1957, the badge design was retained but the material changed from toned bronze to burnished bronze.

List of Awardees

Year Name Field State Country
1954 Dr. Satyendra Nath Bose Literature & Education West Bengal India
1954 Dr. Zakir Hussain Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh India
1954 Shri Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1954 Shri Jigme Dorji Wangchuk Public Affairs Bihar India
1954 Nand Lal Bose Arts West Bengal India
1954 Shri V.K. Krishna Menon Public Affairs Kerala India
1955 Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve Literature & Education Maharashtra India
1955 J.R.D. Tata Trade & Industry Maharashtra India
1956 Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh India
1956 Fazal Ali Public Affairs Bihar India
1956 Jankibai Bajaj Social Work Madhya Pradesh India
1957 Ghanshyam Das Birla Trade & Industry Rajasthan India
1957 Motilal Chimanlal Setalvad Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1957 Shriprakash Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh India
1959 John Matthai Literature & Education Kerala India
1959 Radhabinod Pal Public Affairs West Bengal India
1959 Gaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta Social Work Maharashtra India
1960 Naryana Raghvan Pillai Public Affairs Tamil Nadu India
1962 H. Varda Raja Iyengar Civil Service Tamil Nadu India
1962 Padmaja Naidu Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh India
1962 Vijayalakshmi Pandit Civil Service Uttar Pradesh India
1963 Dr. Arcot Lakshman Swami Mudaliar Medicine Tamil Nadu India
1963 Dr. Suniti Kumar Chatterji Literature & Education West Bengal India
1963 Hari Vinayak Pataskar Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1964 Pt. Gopinath Kaviraj Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh India
1964 Acharya Kalelkar Literature & Education Maharashtra India
1965 Arjan Singh Civil Service Delhi India
1965 Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri Civil Service West Bengal India
1965 Mehdi Nawaz Jung Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh India
1966 Valerian Cardinal Gracias Social Work Maharashtra India
1967 Bhola Nath Jha Civil Service Uttar Pradesh India
1967 Chandra Kisan Daphtary Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1967 Hafix Mohammed Ibrahim Civil Service Andhra Pradesh India
1967 Pattadakal Venkanna R Rao Civil Service Andhra Pradesh India
1968 Mahadev Srihari Ane Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh India
1968 Dr. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Science & Engineering Illinois United States
1968 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Statistical Science Delhi India
1968 K. Vaidyanatha Kalyana Sundaram Public Affairs Delhi India
1968 Kripal Singh Civil Service Delhi India
1969 Hargobind Khorana Science & Engineering Massachusetts United States
1969 Mohan Sinha Mehta Civil Service Rajasthan India
1969 Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi Civil Service Maharashtra India
1969 Ghananand Pande Civil Service Uttar Pradesh India
1969 Rajeshwar Dayal Civil Service Delhi India
1970 Binay Ranjan Sen Civil Service West Bengal India
1970 Dr Tara Chand Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh India
1970 Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Civil Service Tamil Nadu India
1970 Grp.Capt. Suranjan Das Civil Service West Bengal India
1970 Lt. General Harbaksh Singh Military Service Punjab India
1970 A. Rameswami Mudaliar Civil Service Andhra Pradesh India
1970 Anthony Lancelot Dias Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1971 Dr. Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar Medicine Goa India
1971 Balaram Sivaraman Civil Service Tamil Nadu India
1971 Bimal Prasad Chaliha Civil Service Assam India
1971 Uday Shankar Arts Maharashtra India
1971 Sumati Morarjee Civil Service Maharashtra India
1971 Ustad Allauddin Khan Arts West Bengal India
1972 S. M. Nanda Civil Service Delhi India
1972 Pratap Chandra Lal Civil Service Punjab India
1972 Aditya Nath Jha Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh India
1972 Jivraj N. Mehta Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1972 P. Balacharya Gajendragadkar Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1972 Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai Science & Engineering Gujarat India
1972 Sam Manekshaw Military Service Tamil Nadu India
1972 Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq Public Affairs Jammu and Kashmir India
1972 Hormasji Maneckji Seervai Literature & Education Maharashtra India
1973 Daulat Singh Kothari Science & Engineering Delhi India
1973 Nagendra Singh Public Affairs Rajasthan India
1973 Tirumalrao Swaminathan Civil Service Tamil Nadu India
1973 U. N. Dhebar Social Work Gujarat India
1973 Basanti Devi Civil Service West Bengal India
1973 Nellie Sengupta Social Work West Bengal India
1974 V. Kasturi Ranga Varadarja Rao Civil Service Karnataka India
1974 Benode Behari Mukherjee Arts West Bengal India
1974 Harish Chandra Sarin Civil Service Delhi India
1974 Niren De Public Affairs West Bengal India
1975 Basanti Dulal Nag Chaudhuri Literature & Education West Bengal India
1975 Chintaman Dwarkanath Deshmukh Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1975 Durgabai Deshmukh Social Work Maharashtra India
1975 Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey Literature & Education Maharashtra India
1975 Raja Ramanna Science & Engineering Karnataka India
1975 Homi Nusserwanji Sethna Civil Service Maharashtra India
1975 M.S. Subbulakshmi Arts Tamil Nadu India
1975 Mary Clubwala Jadhav Social Work Tamil Nadu India
1976 Col. Bashir Hussain Zaidi Literature & Education Delhi India
1976 Dr. Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan Science & Engineering Kerala India
1976 Kalu Lal Shrimali Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh India
1976 Giani Gurmukh Singh Mussafir Literature & Education Punjab India
1976 Keshava Shankar Pillai Arts Delhi India
1976 Salim Moizuddin Ali Abdul Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh India
1976 Satyajit Ray Arts West Bengal India
1977 Om Prakash Mehra Civil Service Punjab India
1977 Ajudhia Nath Khosla Civil Service Delhi India
1977 Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee Public Affairs West Bengal India
1977 Ali Yavar Jung Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh India
1977 Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Literature & Education Delhi India
1977 T. Balasaraswati Arts Tamil Nadu India
1980 Rai Krishnadasa Civil Service Uttar Pradesh India
1980 Ustad Bismillah Khan Arts Uttar Pradesh India
1981 Satish Dhawan Science & Engineering Karnataka India
1981 Ravi Shankar Arts Uttar Pradesh India
1982 Mira Behn Social Work United Kingdom
1985 C. N. R. Rao Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu India
1985 Mambillikalathil Kumar Menon Civil Service Kerala India
1986 Autar Singh Paintal Medicine Delhi India
1986 Birju Maharaj Arts Delhi India
1986 Shri M. Devidas Alias Baba Amte Social Work Maharashtra India
1987 Dr. Benjamin Peary Pal Science & Engineering Punjab India
1987 Dr. Manmohan Singh Civil Service Delhi India
1987 Arun Shridhar Vaidya Civil Service Maharashtra India
1987 Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Social Work Karnataka India
1988 Kuppalli Venkatappa Puttappa Literature & Education Karnataka India
1988 Mirza Hameedullah Beg Public Affairs Delhi India
1988 Pandurang Shastri Athavale Social and religion Maharashtra India
1989 M. S. Swaminathan Science & Engineering Delhi India
1989 Umashankar Dikshit Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh India
1989 Ustad Ali Akbar Khan Arts West Bengal India
1990 Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam Science & Engineering Delhi India
1990 Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Arts Tamil Nadu India
1990 Vallmpadugai Srinivasa Raghavan Arunachalam Literature & Education Delhi India
1990 Bhabatosh Dutta Literature & Education West Bengal India
1990 Shivaputra Siddharamaiyya Komkali Alias Kumar Gandharv Arts Madhya Pradesh India
1990 Triloki Nath Chaturvedi Civil Service Karnataka India
1991 Indraprasad Gordhanbhai Patel Science & Engineering Gujarat India
1991 Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna Arts Tamil Nadu India
1991 Hirendra Nath Mukherjee Public Affairs West Bengal India
1991 N. G. Ranga Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh India
1991 Rajaram Shastri Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh India
1991 Gulzari Lal Nanda Public Affairs Gujarat India
1991 Khusro Faramurz Rustamji Civil Service Maharashtra India
1991 M.F. Husain Arts Maharashtra India
1992 Dr. Mallikarjun Bheemarayappa Mansur Arts Karnataka India
1992 Dr. Shantaram Rajaram Vankudre Alias Dr.V.Shantaram Arts Maharashtra India
1992 Dr. Sivaramakrishna Iyer Padmavati Medicine Delhi India
1992 Pandit Lakshmanshastri Joshi Literature & Education Maharashtra India
1992 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Public Affairs Delhi India
1992 Govinddas Shroff Literature & Education Maharashtra India
1992 Kaloji Narayana Rao Arts Andhra Pradesh India
1992 Ravi Narayan Reddy Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh India
1992 Sardar Swaran Singh Public Affairs Punjab India
1992 Aruna Asaf Ali Public Affairs Delhi India
1998 Lakshmi Sahgal Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh India
1998 Usha Mehta Social Work Maharashtra India
1998 Nani Ardeshir Palkhivala Public Affairs Maharashtra India
1998 Walter Sisulu Public Affairs South Africa
1999 Rajagopala Chidambaram Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu India
1999 Sarvepalli Gopal Literature & Education Tamil Nadu India
1999 Verghese Kurien Science & Engineering Gujarat India
1999 Justice Hans Raj Khanna Public Affairs Delhi India
1999 Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer Public Affairs Kerala India
1999 Kumari Lata Mangeshkar Arts Maharashtra India
1999 Pandit Bhimsen Joshi Arts Maharashtra India
1999 Shri Braj Kumar Nehru Civil Service Himachal Pradesh India
1999 Dharma Vira Civil Service Delhi India
1999 Shri Lallan Prasad Singh Civil Service Delhi India
1999 Nana Deshmukh Social Work Delhi India
1999 Shri Pandurang Shastri Athavale Social Work Maharashtra India
1999 Satish Gujral Arts Delhi India
1999 Damal Krishnaswamy Pattammal Arts Tamil Nadu India
2000 Krishen Behari Lall Civil Service Delhi India
2000 Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan Science & Engineering Karnataka India
2000 Manohar Singh Gill Civil Service Delhi India
2000 Kelucharan Mohapatra Arts Orissa India
2000 Hari Prasad Chaurasia Arts Maharashtra India
2000 Pandit Jasraj Arts Maharashtra India
2000 Jagdish Natwarlal Bhagwati Literature & Education Gujarat India
2000 Kakkadan Nandanath Raj Literature & Education Kerala India
2000 Bhairab Dutt Pande Civil Service Uttarakhand India
2000 Maidavolu Narasmiham Trade & Industry Andhra Pradesh India
2000 Rasipuram Krishnaswami Narayan Literature & Education Tamil Nadu India
2000 Sikander Bakht Public Affairs Delhi India
2000 Tarlok Singh Civil Service Delhi India
2001 Dr. Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao Science & Engineering United States
2001 Dr. Chakravarthi Vijayaraghava Narasimhan Civil Service Tamil Nadu India
2001 Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma Arts Maharashtra India
2001 Prof. Man Mohan Sharma Science & Engineering Maharashtra India
2001 Amjad Ali Khan Arts Delhi India
2001 Benjamin Arthur Gilman Public Affairs United States
2001 Hosei Norota Public Affairs Japan
2001 Hrishikesh Mukherjee Arts Maharashtra India
2001 John Kenneth Galbraith Literature & Education United States
2001 Kotta Satchidananda Murty Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh India
2001 Zubin Mehta Arts United States
2002 Dr. Chakravthi Rangarajan Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh India
2002 Dr.(Smt.) Gangubai Hangal Arts Karnataka India
2002 Pandit Kishan Maharaj Arts Uttar Pradesh India
2002 Shri Soli Jehangir Sorabjee Public Affairs Delhi India
2002 Smt. Kishori Amonkar Arts Maharashtra India
2003 Bal Ram Nanda Literature & Education Delhi India
2003 Kazi Lhendup Dorji Kangsarpa Public Affairs West Bengal India
2003 Sonal Mansingh Arts Delhi India
2003 Bhrihaspati Dev Triguna Medicine Delhi India
2004 Justice Manepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah Public Affairs Karnataka India
2004 Amrita Pritam Literature & Education Delhi India
2004 Jayant Vishnu Narlikar Science & Engineering Maharashtra India
2005 B. K.Goyal Medicine Maharashtra India
2005 Dr. Karan Singh Public Affairs Delhi India
2005 Mohan Dharia Social Work Maharashtra India
2005 Ram Narayan Arts Maharashtra India
2005 Marthanda Varma Sankaran Valiathan Medicine Karnataka India
2005 Jyotindra Nath Dixit Civil Service Delhi India
2005 Milon Kumar Banerji Public Affairs Delhi India
2005 Rasipuram Krishnaswamy Laxman Arts Maharashtra India
2006 Dr. Norman E. Borlaug Science & Engineering Texas USA
2006 V. N. Khare Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh India
2006 Mahasveta Devi Literature & Education West Bengal India
2006 Nirmala Deshpande Social Work Delhi India
2006 Prof. Obaid Siddiqui Science & Engineering Karnataka India
2006 Prakash Narain Tandon Medicine Delhi India
2006 Adoor Gopalakrishnan Arts Kerala India
2006 C.R. Krishnaswamy Rao Civil Service Tamil Nadu India
2006 Charles Correa Science & Engineering Maharashtra India
2007 Raja Jesudoss Chelliah Public Affairs Tamil Nadu India
2007 Venkataraman Krishnamurthy Civil Service Delhi India
2007 Balu Sankaran Medicine Delhi India
2007 Fali Sam Nariman Public Affairs Delhi India
2007 Justice Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati Public Affairs Delhi India
2007 Khushwant Singh Literature & Education Delhi India
2007 Raja Rao Literature & Education United States
2007 N.N. Vohra Civil Service Haryana India
2007 Naresh Chandra Civil Service Delhi India
2007 Sudarshan Erinackal Chandy George Science & Engineering United States
2007 Viswanathan Anand Sport Tamil Nadu India
2007 R.K. Pachauri Environmentalism India
2008 Narayana Murthy Information Technology Karnataka India
2008 E. Sreedharan Delhi Metro Delhi India
2008 Lakshmi Niwas Mittal Industry India
2008 Justice (Dr) A.S. Anand Public Affairs Delhi India
2008 P.N. Dhar Civil Service India
2008 P.R.S. Oberoi Trade India
2008 Asha Bhosle Music Maharashtra India
2008 Edmund Hillary Mountaineering Auckland New Zealand
2008 Ratan Tata Industry Maharashtra India
2008 Pranab Mukherjee Public affairs West Bengal India
2008 Sachin Tendulkar Sports Maharashtra India

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