is an area of the City of Westminster
, in Central London
. It was formerly a metropolitan borough
of itself, but was integrated with Westminster and Greater London
Historically a part of Middlesex, the earliest extant reference to Padington is in the year 1056. Three important landmarks of the district are Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital and Paddington Green police station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom).
Paddington has been home to many famous sons, daughters and associated residents, including:
- Robert Browning, the great Victorian poet who lived at Beauchamp Lodge on the junction of two canals and named that precinct "Little Venice". (The name is now given to a longer reach of the canal system.)
- Edward Wilson, physician, naturalist and ornithologist who died in 1912 on Captain Robert Scott's ill-fated British Antarctic expedition. The Senior Street primary school was renamed the Edward Wilson School after him in 1952.
- At St Mary's Hospital in 1874, C R Alder Wright synthesised heroin (diacetylmorphine). Also there, in 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming first isolated penicillin.
- The royal princes William (21 June, 1982) and Henry ("Harry") (15 September, 1984) were both born at St Mary's Hospital.
- A notable contemporary resident is Michael Bond, the author of children’s and adult fiction, most famously Paddington Bear
- Celebrity actors associated with Paddington include Sir Alec Guinness, Emma Thompson and Kiefer Sutherland, .
- Margaret Jay, former Labour leader in the House of Lords and daughter of James Callaghan lives in the area and has the title 'Baroness Jay of Paddington'.
References in fiction
Paddington has a main-line railway station, Paddington station, with commuter service to the west of London (e.g. Slough, Maidenhead, Reading, Swindon) and main-line service to Oxford, Bristol, Bath, Taunton, Exeter, Plymouth, Cornwall and South Wales (including Cardiff and Swansea). There is also the Heathrow Express service to Heathrow Airport.
In the station are statues of its designer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and the children's fiction character Paddington Bear.