(1859-1938), was a botanist and industrial agriculture expert and an active member of the World Zionist Organization
, which worked toward the re-establishment of Israel
. He later served as the WZO's President from 1911-21.
Early life and scientific career
Otto Warburg was born in Hamburg
on 20 July 1859
to a family whose ancestors came to Germany in 1566, probably from Bologna
. He completed his studies at the Johanneum Gymnasium in Hamburg in 1879, and continued his education in the field of Botany
at the University of Bonn
which he left after one semester to move to the University of Berlin
, and later to University of Strasbourg
, where he received hid Ph.D
in 1883. He went on to study Chemistry
with Wilhelm Pfeffer
. In 1885 he embarked on a 4 years expedition to Southern
Asia, ending in Australia
in 1889. His findings were later (1913-1922) published in three volumes titled “Die Pflanzenwelt”
. Upon his return to Berlin
he co founded "Der Tropen Pflanzer"
, a Journal specializing in tropical agriculture which he edited for 24 years. Realizing that as a Jew he would not be appointed Full professor
, he diverted his attentions to applied Botanics, and founded several companies of tropical, industrial plantations in Germany's colonies.
Taxa named include the Kei Apple (Dovyalis caffra), the pitcher plant Nepenthes treubiana, Virola peruviana, and Cephalosphaera usambarensis.