Many members of the OB were incarcerated during World War II after committing acts of sabotage in protest against South Africa's alignment with Britain and in support of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. John Vorster, who would become Prime Minister of South Africa after Hendrik Verwoerd's death, was detained at Koffiefontein for the duration of the war.
After the war the Ossewabrandwag went underground. There is nothing on the public record to indicate that it was ever formally disbanded but at some time before 1960 it simply ceased to exist as a coherent organisation. However, many of its erstwhile members, including future South African State President P.W. Botha, went on to rise in the ranks of the Apartheid government.