Ontario_general_election,_1995

Ontario general election, 1995

The Ontario general election of 1995 was held on June 8, 1995, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario, Canada. The writs for the election were dropped on April 28, 1995.

The governing New Democratic Party, led by Premier Bob Rae, was defeated by voters, who were angry at the mistakes made by the inexperienced NDP and frustrated by the recession, rising taxes, and unemployment. The NDP had lost much of their base in organized labour, due to the unpopularity of its Social Contract legislation in 1993.

Lyn McLeod's Liberals had been leading in the polls for most of the period from 1992 to 1995, and were generally favoured to benefit from the swing in support away from the NDP. However, the party hurt its credibility through a series of high-profile policy reversals in the period leading up to the election. The most notable of these occurred when McLeod withdrew Liberal support from a same-sex benefits package for civil unions when it was introduced by the NDP government in 1994. Her decision was seen as cynical and opportunistic in light of the Liberals' earlier rural by-election loss in a socially-conservative riding. This gave the party a reputation for "flip-flopping" and inconsistency while offending its socially progressive supporters.

The televised party leaders' debate is often regarded as the turning point of the campaign. During the event, McLeod further alienated many voters with an overly aggressive performance. Harris used his time to speak directly to the camera to convey his party's Common Sense Revolution platform, virtually ignoring all questions asked of him by Rae and McLeod and avoiding getting caught up in their debate. Since Liberal support was regarded by many political insiders as soft and unsteady, many voters who were previously leaning to the Liberals shifted to the Progressive Conservatives after the debate.

The Progressive Conservative Party, led by Mike Harris, found success with its Common Sense Revolution campaign to cut personal income taxes, social assistance (welfare) rates, and government spending dramatically. Roughly half of his party's seats came from the more affluent regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), especially the suburban belt surrounding Metro Toronto, often called the '905' for its telephone area code.

In addition, by presenting himself as a populist, representing "ordinary Ontarians" over "special interests", Harris was able to build Tory support among working-class voters. Although there were regional variations, many working-class voters shifted directly from the NDP to the Tories during the election, enabling the latter to win formerly NDP ridings such as Cambridge and Oshawa.

Due to the above factors, voters gave the Tories a large majority, while the Liberals finished with less support than they had in the 1990 election. The NDP, despite improving their standing in some Northern Ontario ridings, were heavily defeated and reduced to third party status from which they have not yet recovered. McLeod and Rae resigned their party leadership posts not long after the campaign.

One independent candidate was elected: Peter North in the riding of Elgin. North had been elected in 1990 as a New Democrat, but left the NDP and declared his intention to run as a Progressive Conservative. The PC Party did not accept him as a candidate, however.

Results

Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1990 Elected % Change # % % Change Progressive Conservative Mike Harris 125 20 82 +310% 1,870,110 44.8% align=right
21.3%
Liberal Lyn McLeod 125 36 30 -16.7% 1,291,326 31.1% -1.3% New Democratic Bob Rae 125 74 17 -77.0% 854,163 20.6% -17.0% Family Coalition Donald Pennell 55 - - - 61,657 1.5% -0.1% Natural Law Ron Parker 68 - - - 18,326 0.4% align=right
0.4%
Green Frank de Jong 37 - - - 14,108 0.4% -0.3% Libertarian John Shadbolt 18 - - - 6,085 0.2% -0.4% Freedom Jack Plant 11 - - - 4,532 0.1% -0.1% Confederation of Regions   6 - - - 3,971 0.1% -1.8% Communist Darrell Rankin 5 - - - 1,015 0.02% -0.08% Independent 61 - 1 - 33,077 0.8% align=right
0.5%
Total 636 130 130 - 4,158,370 100% -

Notes:

At least five unregistered parties fielded candidates in this election.

Candidates from the aforementioned parties appeared on the ballot as independents. It is possible that some candidates listed below as independents actually belonged to these or other parties.

Riding results

Algoma:

Algoma—Manitoulin:

Beaches—Woodbine:

Brampton North:

Brampton South:

Brantford:

Brant—Haldimand:

Bruce:

Burlington South:

Cambridge:

Carleton:

Carleton East:

Chatham—Kent:

Cochrane North:

Cochrane South:

Cornwall:

Don Mills:

Dovercourt:

Downsview:

Dufferin—Peel:

Durham Centre:

Durham East:

Durham West:

Durham—York:

Eglinton:

Elgin:

Essex—Kent:

Essex South:

Etobicoke—Humber:

Etobicoke—Lakeshore:

Etobicoke—Rexdale:

Etobicoke West:

Fort William:

Fort York:

Frontenac—Addington:

Grey—Owen Sound:

Guelph:

Halton Centre:

Halton North:

New Democratic Party (x)David Christopherson 8,012 36.81 $40,543.33 Liberal Filomena Tassi 7,322 33.64 $34,483.85 Progressive Conservative Angie Tomasic 5,723 26.30 $18,222.88 Family Coalition Tom Wigglesworth 376 1.73 $1,548.28 Natural Law Monique Poudrette 331 1.52 $0.00 Total valid votes 21,764 100.00 Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 372 Turnout 22,136 54.71

Hamilton East:

Hamilton Mountain:

Hamilton West:

Hastings—Peterborough:

High Park—Swansea:

Huron:

Kenora:

Kingston and the Islands:

Kitchener:

Kitchener—Wilmot:

Lake Nipigon:

Lambton:

Lanark—Renfrew:

Lawrence:

Leeds—Grenville:

Lincoln:

London Centre:

London North:

London South:

Markham:

Middlesex:

Mississauga East:

Mississauga North:

Mississauga South:

Mississauga West:

Muskoka—Georgian Bay:

Progressive Conservative John Baird 17,510 49.66 $40,800.37 Liberal (x)Hans Daigeler 13,575 38.50 $45,021.83 New Democratic Party John Sullivan 3,274 9.29 15,380.57 Green Frank de Jong 390 1.11 $0.00 Natural Law Party Brian E. Jackson 259 0.73 $0.00 Freedom Cathy Frampton 252 0.71 $2,307.70 Total valid votes 35,260 100.00 Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 363 Turnout 35,623 64.97

Niagara Falls:

Niagara South:

Nickel Belt:

Nipissing:

Norfolk:

Northumberland:

Oakville South:

Oakwood:

Oriole:

Oshawa:

Ottawa Centre:

Ottawa East:

Ottawa—Rideau:

Ottawa South:

Ottawa West:

Oxford:

Parkdale:

Parry Sound:

Perth:

Peterborough:

Port Arthur:

Prescott and Russell:

Prince Edward—Lennox:

Quinte:

Rainy River:

Renfrew North:

Riverdale:

Sarnia:

Sault Ste. Marie:

Scarborough—Agincourt:

Scarborough Centre:

Scarborough East:

Scarborough—Ellesmere:

Scarborough North:

Scarborough West:

Simcoe Centre:

Simcoe East:

Simcoe West:

St. Andrew—St. Patrick:

Liberal (x)Jim Bradley 13,761 46.53 $33,835.95 Progressive Conservative Archie Heide 11,486 38.84 $36,875.32 New Democratic Party Jeff Burch 3,929 13.29 $12,043.92 Family Coalition Party Jon Siemens 245 0.83 $0.00 Natural Law Party Marcy Sheremetta 153 0.52 $0.00 Total valid votes 29,574 100.00 Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 227 Turnout 29,801 64.58

St. Catharines—Brock:

St. George—St. David:

Stormont—Dundas—Glengarry & East Grenville:

Rick Bartolucci 12,349 40.65 Sharon Murdock 8,698 28.63 Richard Zanibbi 8,093 26.64 Don Scott 506 1.66 David Gordon 315 1.03 Lewis Poulin 290 0.95 Ed Pokonzie 123 0.40 Total valid votes 30,374 100.00 Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots Turnout

Sudbury East:

Timiskaming:

Victoria—Haliburton:

Waterloo North:

Welland—Thorold:

Wellington:

Wentworth East:

Wentworth North:

Willowdale:

Wilson Heights:

Windsor—Riverside:

Liberal Sandra Pupatello 11,940 47.12 $36,803.00 New Democratic Party Arlene Rousseau 6,414 25.31 $10,442.27 Progressive Conservative Joe Durocher 5,704 22.51 $27,112.47 Family Coalition Party Earl Amyotte 610 2.41 $3,426.21 Independent Christine Wilson 410 1.62 $73.28 Natural Law Party Ronald F. Bessette 263 1.04 $0.00 Total valid votes 25,341 100.00 Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 428 Turnout 25,769 50.11

Liberal Dwight Duncan 10,281 41.28 $45,522.32 New Democratic Party (x)Wayne Lessard 9,901 39.76 $45,615.07 Progressive Conservative Michael Rohrer 3,610 14.50 $17,463.00 Family Coalition Party Donna Halliday 957 3.84 $1,806.70 Natural Law Party Vivek Narula 156 0.63 $0.00 Total valid votes 24,905 100.00 Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 387 Turnout 25,292 52.54

York Centre:

York East:

York Mills:

York—Mackenzie:

York South:

Yorkview:

  • Mario Sergio (L) 9245
  • (x)George Mammoliti (NDP) 6447
  • Danny Varaich (PC) 3989
  • *

    post-election changes:

    Bob Rae (NDP) resigned his seat on February 29, 1996. A by-election was called for May 23, 1996.

    Oriole (res. Elinor Caplan, May 5, 1997), September 4, 1997:

  • David Caplan (L) 9954
  • Barbara Greene (PC) 5163
  • Jim Kafieh (NDP) 1700
  • Bernadette Michael (Ind) 132
  • Shelly Lipsey (G) 96
  • Ottawa West (res. Bob Chiarelli, May 5, 1997), September 4, 1997:

    (Alex Cullen left the Liberal Party on November 15, 1998, and joined the NDP on November 23, 1998.)

    Windsor—Riverside (res. David Cooke, May 5, 1997), September 4, 1997:

    Nickel Belt (res. Floyd Laughren, February 28, 1998), October 1, 1998:

    See also

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