is the third-largest city in San Diego County
. The city has a population of 173,303. Together with Vista
, it forms a "Tri-City area." The city is located just south of Camp Pendleton
, the busiest military base in the United States. Oceanside has experienced dramatic growth since 1970, when its population was 45,000. Much of the city's area was developed into single-family home tracts during the 1970s and 1980s. Since the 1990s, increased commercial and industrial development have diversified Oceanside's economic base.
The area was first visited by European explorers in 1769. The Spanish missionaries under Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River. In the early 1800s, introduced farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside. The area like all of California was under Spanish, in 1821 Mexican rule and annexed by the U.S. in 1848.
In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County. A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he returned in the late 1880s and lived in San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government. It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The current city hall now stands on the former homestead of Myers.
In the 20th century, Oceanside was a beach town devoted to activities on a stretch of beaches. Residential areas like Downtown (built in the 1890s), South Oceanside (built in the 1920s and 1930s), and developments east of Interstate 5 (built after World War II) now are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value. Since the establishment of Camp Pendleton in 1928, Oceanside was proud to have U.S. armed forces personnel, and the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city. After 1970, the main focus of Oceanside was suburban development and a choice for newcomers to move in then relatively affordable housing. Today, Oceanside is a top real estate choice with home values over the $500,000 mark for its location by San Diego and the Pacific coast.
Oceanside is at (33.211566, -117.325701).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 107.7 km² (41.6 mi²). 105.1 km² (40.6 mi²) of it is land and 2.5 km² (1.0 mi²) of it (2.36%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 161,029 people, 56,488 households, and 39,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,531.7/km² (3,967.2/mi²). There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 566.7/km² (1,467.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% White, 6.3% African American, 0.4% Native American or Alaskan Native, 5.5% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from another race alone, and 3.2% from two races. 30.2% of the population is Hispanic of any race. (These figures have been adjusted to classify Hispanics as a separate group from whites, blacks, Asians, and other races; U.S. census data do not separate out Latinos in this manner.)
The area around Oceanside High School was, along with the neighborhood around San Diego High School, the site of the first Samoan communities on the U.S. mainland.
In 2000, there were 56,488 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33.
The age distribution of Oceanside in 2000 was as follows: 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,301, and the median income for a family was $52,232. Males had a median income of $34,772 versus $27,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,329. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Oceanside in 2005 was $61,792 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to census data above), the median household income was $50,177. On June 13, 2005, the Wall Street Journal rated Oceanside as the top vacation home market in the country.
In the state legislature
Oceanside is located in the 38th Senate
District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland
, and in the 73rd and 74th Assembly
District, represented by Republicans Mimi Walters
and Martin Garrick
respectively. Federally, Oceanside is located in California's 49th congressional district
, which has a Cook PVI
of R +10 and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa
The city of Oceanside is uniquely located in the center of three religious
philosophies. The spiritual
triangle of Oceanside features the Prince of Peace Benedictine
Abbey to the north, the Rosicrucian Fellowship
to the west, and the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
, a Franciscan
Mission to the east.
Residents of Oceanside may attend schools in the Oceanside Unified School District, Vista Unified School District, Bonsall Union School District, or Carlsbad Unified School District, depending on their actual address. Oceanside schools provide free bus transportation for students in grades K-8, and instrumental music programs in grades 4-12.
The Oceanside Unified School District has two comprehensive high schools, El Camino High School and Oceanside High School. High school students are also served by Ocean Shores Continuation High School and Clair Burgener Academy. OUSD has sixteen K-5 elementary schools. A new elementary school, Foussat Elementary, is also scheduled to open in the fall of 2007.
There are several charter schools in Oceanside, including the School of Business and Technology for high school students.
For additional information about Oceanside schools, including attendance boundaries, calendars, bus schedules, and lunch menus, see the Oceanside Unified School District website at http://www.oside.k12.ca.us.
- The Oceanside Pier, first built in 1888 (and now in its sixth incarnation), is the longest wooden pier on the western United States coastline at 1,954 feet (596m).
- Oceanside is home to Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, one of the Alta California missions.
- Oceanside is also known for the nature grounds of Mount Ecclesia, launched in 1911. This place is the location of the international headquarters of a fraternal and service organization called The Rosicrucian Fellowship. It is also the location of its spiritual healing temple, called "The Ecclesia", situated upon the promontory of a high mesa.
- The bungalow house featured in Top Gun, starring Tom Cruise, is located on South Pacific Street, which is one street up from the Oceanside Strand, a section of residential houses along the coastline. This will become a coffee house once the Malkin resort is built.
- From June 20 through June 28, 1997, a record 221,000 fans watched the X Games III held in San Diego and Oceanside. The surfing competition took place at the Oceanside Harbor Beach.
- The California Surf Museum is located in downtown Oceanside.
- Every Fourth of July thousands of Oceansidians and people from the surrounding communities flock to the Pier to watch a spectacular fireworks show.
- Oceanside has a large Day of the Dead celebration held every year on or about the weekend nearest November 1st with Carnival rides, street vendors, and musicians
- Usually held the second weekend in September, Oceanside also holds an annual Harbor Days festival with street vendors, food, and local artists displaying their wares.
- The final competition scene from the film Bring It On was not shot in Daytona, Florida, but at the beach shell in front of the pier.
- In the late 1990s, Oceanside had a minor league baseball franchise of the Western Baseball League, in the Miracosta College Ballpark but folded operations and lacked a standard ball park, now the site of the North County Waves semi-pro collegiate team.
Oceanside has four sister cities
, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI)
Famous Oceanside residents, past and present
- Bobbi DePorter - Founder of the internationally-acclaimed SuperCamp program, and President of the Quantum Learning Network.
- Goldberg (wrestler) - Bill Goldberg, retired professional wrestler, football player, and actor Molifua -educator,First Samoan Teacher in California,City Of Oceanside Proclamation April 25 "Wally Molifua Day"graduated from Oceanside High School 1969.
- Rear Admiral (Ret.) [[Richard Lyon] - One of the first 10 Navy Seals (formerly called "Scouts and Raiders"), and the first Special Warfare Officer to attain that rank. He served as mayor of the city in the 1990s.
- Barbara Mandrell - Country singer. Former Miss Oceanside Graduated from Oceanside High School in 1967
- Denise Richards - Actress who starred in Starship Troopers, Wild Things and the James Bond movie The World Is Not Enough. Graduated from El Camino High School in 1989
- Chris Thile - Virtuoso mandolinist of Nickel Creek; born in Oceanside
- Heath Bell, MLB pitcher for the San Diego Padres
- Evan Tanner, UFC 2005 World Middleweight Champion
National Football League Players