(御家騒動, lit. "honorable house strife") were noble family disputes within the samurai
and aristocratic classes of Japan, particularly during the early Edo period
(17th century). The most famous is the Date Sōdō
, which broke out among the Date family
in the 1660s-70s.
The Tokugawa shogunate which ruled Japan in the Edo period established itself by subjugating warlords (daimyo), militant religious groups (ikki), and other violent groups; their control was predicated on a forcibly imposed peace. As a result, these sorts of noble house disputes, which often came quite close to erupting into outright battle, and which often took place among the powerful tozama families, posed a serious threat to the stability of the bakuhan (shogunate-fiefdom) political system. These events were thus taken very seriously by the government, but also became very popular tales among the people, and were regarded as being quite interesting and exciting, due to the political and physical conflict involved. A number were related in books, and several were even transformed into plays and performed on the Kabuki or bunraku stage, under the genre known as O-ie-mono (御家物) or O-Ie Kyōgen (御家狂言).
Notable family disputes
- 1608 - Tsutsui family, Iga-Ueno Domain (Tsutsui Sōdō)
- 1614 - Ōkubo Nagayasu (Ōkubo family), Odawara Domain
- 1617 - Mogami family, Yamagata Domain (Mogami Sōdō)
- 1626 - Sō family, Tsushima Domain (Yanagawa Iken)
- 1633 - Kuroda family, Fukuoka Domain
- 1634 - Tsugaru family, Hirosaki Domain (Funabashi Sōdō)
- 1635 - Kamei family, Tsuwano Domain (Enchi Sōdō)
- 1639 - Katō family, Aizu Domain
- 1640 - Ikoma family, Takamatsu Domain
- 1640 - Ikeda family, Yamasaki Domain
- 1640 - Sagara family, Hitoyoshi Domain (Oshimo no Ran)
- 1648 - Inaba family, Fukuchiyama Domain (Tamba-Fukuchiyama Sōdō)
- 1648 - Yoshida family, Hamada Domain
- 1648 - Kitsuregawa family, Kitsuregawa Domain
- 1660-1671 - Date family, Sendai Domain (Date Sōdō, Tsunamune Inkyo Jiken)
- 1679 - Matsudaira family, Takata Domain (Echigo Sōdō)
- 1697 - Date family, Sendai Domain (Tsunamura Inkyo Jiken)
- 1748 - Maeda family, Kaga Domain (Kaga Sōdō)
- 1754 - Satake clan, Akita Domain (Satake Sōdō)
- 1759 - Sagara family, Hitoyoshi Domain (Take-teppō Jiken)
- 1808 - Shimazu family, Satsuma Domain
- 1824 - Sengoku family, Izushi Domain
- 1849 - Shimazu family, Satsuma Domain (Oyura Sōdō)
- Much of the content of this article is derived from its corresponding article on the Japanese Wikipedia.
- Sansom, George (1963). "A History of Japan: 1615-1867." Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.